Table 1

The prevalence of elevated alcohol consumption among those who drink alcohol in the Chinese CLHLS (2008–2009) and Norwegian HUNT3 (2006–2008) Study of persons 65 years and older

China (weighted)Norway
TotalElevated consumption of alcoholTotalElevated consumption of alcohol
nPP (%)95% CInPP (%)95% CI
Total sample3223252378.376.9 to 79.762103175.14.6 to 5.6
 Women60040066.762.9 to 70.52641672.52.0 to 3.2
 Men2623212380.979.4 to 82.435692507.06.2 to 7.9
Age, years
 65–742177174280.078.3 to 81.743652405.54.9 to 6.22
 75–8491068274.972.1 to 77.71643724.43.5 to 5.5
 85+1369972.864.0 to 81.620252.51.1 to 5.7
Achieved level of education in*
 Illiteracy89370478.876.1 to 81.5
 Elementary school and middle school2024160079.177.3 to 80.82607752.92.3 to 3.6
 High school18513874.668.3 to 80.91888965.14.2 to 6.2
 College and university1066864.255.1 to 73.310431039.888.2 to 11.9
Living in†
 Urban areas120788573.370.8 to 75.839842265.75.0 to 6.4
 Rural areas2016163881.379.6 to 83.02138854.03.2 to 4.9
Marital status†
 No living spouse or partner98281382.880.4 to 85.21825814.43.6 to 5.5
 Living spouse or partner2241171076.374.5 to 78.143832365.44.8 to 6.1
Overall health status
 Poor34727880.175.9 to 84.32043954.73.8 to 5.7
Life satisfaction
 Poor14513190.385.5 to 95.1671014.98.3 to 25.4
  • Elevated alcohol consumption in China was defined as, on average, more than one drink per day, or more than seven drinks per week. A standard drink was equal to 14.0 grams (0.6 ounces) of pure alcohol (17.744 mL) according to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention in USA criterion.

  • Elevated alcohol consumption in Norway was defined as consuming alcohol 4–7 days a week.

  • *Numbers do not sum up to 3223 and 6210 in the CLHLS and HUNT3 Study, respectively, because of missing information.

  • †Numbers do not sum up to 6210 in the HUNT3 Study because of missing information.

  • CLHLS, Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey; HUNT3, Nord-Trøndelag Health (2006–2008); PP, proportion.