Table 3

Differences between patient adherence versus non-adherence with regards to most recommended interventions, for each of the falls-related and fracture-related outcomes.

InterventionFractures riskFalls riskNumber of fracturesNumber of falls
N (%) improvedP valueN (%) improvedP valueN (%) improvedP valueN (%) improvedP value
Exercise programmes (n=99)
  Adherent (n=40)13 (33%)0.65 30 (77%) 0.03 18 (45%)1.00 37 (93%) 0.006
  Non-adherent (n=59)16 (27%) 32 (54%) 25 (43%) 41 (69%)
Vitamin D/calcium (n=100)
  Adherent (n=85)27 (32%)0.0654 (64%)0.5738 (45%)0.5765 (76%)0.18
  Non-adherent (n=15)1 (7%)11 (73%)5 (33%)114 (93%)
Osteoporosis medications (n=66)
  Adherent (n=48) 22 (46%) 0.01 34 (71%)0.1429 (60%)0.5638 (79%)1.00
  Non-adherent (n=18) 2 (12%) 8 (47%)12 (71%)15 (83%)
Medication changes (n=69)
  Adherent (n=44)14 (32%)0.4028 (64%)1.00 16 (36%) 0.04 32 (73%)0.22
  Non-adherent (n=25)5 (20%)16 (64%) 16 (64%) 22 (88%)
  • Bold  values indicate significant difference between baseline and  6-month follow-up measures.