Table 4

Protective factors associated with PPF: binary logistic regression adjusted for sociodemographic factors†

Fatigue at 10 daysFatigue at 1 monthFatigue at 3 months
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Partner details
Single mother1.19 (0.87 to 1.62)1.22 (0.86 to 1.71)0.82 (0.50 to 1.33)
Score for partner help PN‡1.00 (0.98 to 1.03)1.05 (1.02 to 1.08)**1.12 (1.08 to 1.16)***
Days of paternity leave1.01 (1.00 to 1.02)1.02 (1.00 to 1.03)*1.01 (1.00 to 1.03)
Midwife support
Number of times saw an MW at home1.03 (1.00 to 1.07)1.02 (0.98 to 1.06)1.00 (0.95 to 1.06)
Age of baby at last visit (per additional day)1.00 (1.00 to 1.00)1.00 (1.00 to 1.00)1.01 (1.00 to 1.01)***
Would have liked to see an MW…
 More often1 (ref)
 Less often0.73 (0.49 to 1.09)0.87 (0.57 to 1.35)0.68 (0.37 to 1.23)
 Saw MW as much as wanted0.81 (0.67 to 0.97)*0.76 (0.62 to 0.92)**0.68 (0.52 to 0.88)**
Received enough help and advice about baby’s…
 Crying0.79 (0.60 to 1.04)0.69 (0.51 to 0.93)*0.99 (0.65 to 1.50)
 Sleeping0.82 (0.62 to 1.10)0.81 (0.59 to 1.10)0.50 (0.33 to 0.76)**
 Feeding0.77 (0.63 to 0.95)*0.86 (0.69 to 1.07)0.92 (0.68 to 1.23)
  • *p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001.

  • †Adjusted for maternal age, parity, Index of Multiple Deprivation, ethnicity and age left full-time education.

  • ‡Score for partner help: changing baby’s nappy, supporting feeding, helping when the baby cries, bathing the baby and playing with the baby; each scored 1–4 and summed (high score=more support).

  • MW, midwife; PN, postnatally; PPF, postpartum fatigue; ref, reference group.