Table 1

Birth cohort characteristics at baseline (1994/1995). Canadian National Population Health Survey, 1994–2011

Mean (SD) or frequency (%)
Post-World War I
(1915–1924)
Pre-World War II
(1925–1934)
World War II
(1935–1944)
Older
Baby Boom
(1945–1954)
Younger
Baby Boom
(1955–1964)
Older
Generation X (1965–1974)
Younger Generation X (1975–1984)
Opioid (codeine, morphine and meperidine) use30 (2.9%)47 (3.4%)64 (4.0%)108 (4.9%)164 (5.9%)142 (6.4%)48 (3.5%)
Sociodemographic
 Age2.8 (74.1)2.9 (64.8)2.9 (54.6)2.9 (44.6)2.9 (34.7)2.9 (25.0)2.3 (16.0)
 Sex (Women)635 (62.3%)782 (56.8%)853 (53.6%)1149 (52.2%)1506 (54.3%)1198 (54.0%)689 (50.6%)
 Years of education3.9 (9.9)3.9 (10.5)3.7 (11.6)3.2 (12.9)2.6 (13.2)2.4 (13.3)2.7 (9.4)
 Household income*21.1 (32.4)23.4 (39.6)27.7 (53.7)27.1 (57.3)24.9 (51.6)25.2 (46.9)26.6 (53.0)
Lifestyles
  Smoking status
   Current137 (13.4%)317 (23.0%)468 (29.4%)779 (35.4%)1062 (38.3%)883 (39.8%)289 (21.2%)
   Former442 (43.3%)611 (44.4%)595 (37.4%)691 (31.4%)746 (26.9%)453 (20.4%)271 (19.9%)
   Non-smoker442 (43.3%)449 (32.6%)528 (33.2%)731 (33.2%)965 (34.8%)883 (39.8%)802 (58.9%)
  Alcohol consumption
   Regular drinker598 (58.6%)967 (70.2%)1203 (75.6%)1798 (81.7%)2393 (86.3%)1948 (87.8%)751 (55.2%)
   Occasional drinker254 (24.9%)274 (19.9%)253 (15.9%)273 (12.4%)250 (9.0%)166 (7.5%)159 (11.7%)
   Not currently168 (16.5%)136 (9.9%)135 (8.5%)130 (5.9%)130 (4.7%)104 (4.7%)450 (33.1%)
  Physically active426 (41.8%)689 (50.0%)710 (44.6%)1043 (47.4%)1414 (51.0%)1236 (55.7%)966 (71.0%)
  Sedentary lifestyle283 (27.7%)262 (19.0%)317 (19.9%)475 (21.6%)549 (19.8%)411 (18.5%)427 (31.4%)
  BMI groups†
   Normal/Underweight463 (45.4%)552 (40.1%)633 (39.8%)1030 (46.8%)1547 (55.8%)1405 (63.3%)1169 (85.9%)
   Overweight399 (39.1%)558 (40.5%)667 (41.9%)823 (37.4%)871 (31.4%)581 (26.2%)154 (11.3%)
   Obese158 (15.5%)267 (19.4%)291 (18.3%)348 (15.8%)355 (12.8%)233 (10.5%)38 (2.8%)
Health status
 2+chronic conditions481 (47.2%)497 (36.1%)395 (24.8%)335 (15.2%)288 (10.4%)178 (8.0%)60 (4.4%)
 Pain prevents activity115 (11.3%)143 (10.4%)169 (10.6%)141 (6.4%)136 (4.9%)58 (2.6%)22 (1.6%)
Medication use
 Tranquillisers44 (4.3%)83 (6.0%)67 (4.2%)77 (3.5%)61 (2.2%)24 (1.1%)20 (1.4%)
 Antidepressants35 (3.4%)62 (4.5%)80 (5.0%)97 (4.4%)78 (2.8%)33 (1.5%)28 (2.0%)
  • *In Canadian dollars and expressed in thousands.

  • †Obese (≥30.0), overweight (25.0–29.9), normal/underweight (<25.0).

  • BMI, body mass index.