Table 1

Baseline characteristics of first-year medical students (n=315), reliability and sample items of the scales*

MeanSDMinMaxCronbach’s αSample item
Intrinsic motivation5.490.732.87.00.79Doing research is fun.
Extrinsic motivation5.660.803.07.00.77I think doing research improves my chances for my preferred residency spot.
Self-efficacy5.250.733.16.90.88I feel I am competent enough to do research.
Perceptions of research5.530.812.47.00.83It is important for medical professionals to have scientific skills.
Curiosity5.130.812.97.00.87I enjoy investigating new ideas.
  • *Based on a 7-point Likert scale.