Table 3

Primary care dimension mean scores in South West health zone, Malawi, in July and August 2018, shown by district

CharacteristicTotal (95% CI)Neno (95% CI)Thyolo (95% CI)Blantyre (95% CI)
Sample size962303358301
First contact—access2.6 (2.5 to 2.7)3.1 (3.0 to 3.2)**2.3 (2.2 to 2.4)**#2.5 (2.4 to 2.6)**#
Communication continuity3.4 (3.3 to 3.5)3.6 (3.5 to 3.7)*3.4 (3.3 to 3.5)*3.4 (3.3 to 3.5)*
Relational Continuity1.8 (1.7 to 1.9)1.9 (1.8 to 2.0)**2.0 (1.9 to 2.1)##1.6 (1.5 to 1.7)**##
Coordination2.0 (1.8 to 2.2)3.1 (2.8 to 3.4)**1.8 (1.5 to 2.1)**1.7 (1.5 to 1.9)**
Comprehensiveness
  Services available2.3 (2.2 to 2.4)2.7 (2.6 to 2.8)**2.0 (1.9 to 2.1)**#2.2 (2.1 to 2.3)**#
  Services provided2.5 (2.4 to 2.6)2.7 (2.6 to 2.8)**2.5 (2.4 to 2.6)**#2.3 (2.2 to 2.4)**#
Community orientation2.9 (2.8 to 3.0)3.2 (3.1 to 3.3)**2.8 (2.7 to 2.9)**2.7 (2.6 to 2.8)**
Total PCAT-Mw score17.5 (17.3 to 17.7)20.3 (20.0 to 20.6)**16.8 (16.4 to 17.2)**16.4 (16.1 to 16.7)**
  • Based on ANOVA Bonferroni post-hoc means test.

  • *P<0.05, **P<0.01 comparing Neno and Thyolo and Blantyre.

  • #P<0.05, ##P<0.01 comparing Thyolo and Blantyre.

  • ANOVA, analysis of variance; PCAT-Mw, Malawian version of the primary care assessment set of tools.