Table 1

Included studies described by musculoskeletal pain type, baseline age, size of study population and follow-up

Study
(reference)
MSK pain typeBaseline age (years)Recruitment settingStudy population (n)Follow-up (years)Persistent pain at follow-up female (%)Persistent pain at follow-up male (%)Persistent pain at follow-up combined (%)
Blaauw19Headache12–16School1586445.722.735.1
Brattberg20Back,
head
8, 11, 13School4712Back 15
Head 40
Back 4
Head 20
Back 9.3
Head 30.7
Brattberg21General MSK10, 13, 16School59711593920
El-Metwally22General MSK9–12School17561 and 44 years: 56.24 years: 43.81 years: 53.8
4 years: 63.5
El-Metwally11Lower limb9–12School17561 and 41 year: 29.4
4 years: 31.9
1 year: 55.8
4 years: 48.6
1 year: 32
4 years 31
Flatø23General MSK2–17Clinical37913N/A59
Holley24General MSK10–17Clinical883 months87.112.935.2
Jones25Low back11–14School3304N/AN/A26
Jussila26General MSK16–18Community17732N/AN/AN/A
Laimi27Headache*13School31135470.548
Lunde28Low back15–19School4206.5N/AN/A39
Mikkelsson29Neck,
WSP, low back
9–12School17561N/AN/ANeck 48.3
WSP 29.7
Low back 34.4
Mikkelsson30General MSK9–12School17561N/AN/A52.9
Mikkelsson31Neck, WSP9–12School4641Neck 70.4 WSP 62.5Neck 41
WSP 62.5
Neck 58.1
WSP 62.5
Mikkonen32Low back16Community29692N/AN/A27.1
Mikkonen33Low back16Community7282534650.4
Mikkonen34Low back7–19Community16602 and 32 years: 68
3 years: 63
2 years: 62
3 years: 47
N/A
Paananen35General MSK16Community15942N/A7588
Rathleff9Knee12–15School7681N/AN/A48.8
Rathleff36Knee16–18School5042N/AN/A55.9
Rathleff37Knee (PFP)15–19School1213 monthsN/AN/A74.4
Sjölie38Low back14–16Community883N/AN/A39
Sperotto39General MSK8–13School2893N/AN/A54.3
Stanford17Head, back, stomachache10–11Community2488†2N/AN/AHead 29
Back 21.7
Ståhl40Neck9–12School17561 and 4N/AN/A1 year: 48.2
4 years: 33.5
Uziel41Growing pain10–16Clinical355N/AN/A48.6
  • *Headache: non-migrainous.

  • †Included stomachache participants.

  • MSK, musculoskeletal; N/A, not applicable; PFP, patellofemoral pain; WSP, widespread pain.