Table 2

Demographic, socioeconomic and health measures of the patients attending clinics in South West health zone, Malawi, in July and August 2018, shown by type of facility

CharacteristicTotal (n=962) (%)Neno hospitals
(n=151) (%)
Neno health centres
(n=152) (%)
Thyolo hospital
(n=132) (%)
Thyolo health centres
(n=226) (%)
Blantyre Urban health centres
(n=301) (%)
Sex
 Female616 (64.0)89 (58.9)107 (70.4)78 (59.1)145 (64.2)197 (65.4)
 Male346 (36.0)62 (41.1)45 (29.6)54 (40.9)81 (35.8)104 (34.6)
Age**
 18–30 years448 (46.6)70 (46.4)79 (52.0)35 (26.5)99 (43.8)165 (54.8)
 31–45 years342 (35.6)56 (37.1)46 (30.3)63 (47.7)70 (31.0)107 (35.5)
 46–60 years128 (13.2)16 (10.6)18 (11.8)25 (19.9)45 (19.9)24 (8.0)
 >60 years44 (4.6)9 (6.0)9 (5.9)9 (6.8)12 (5.3)5 (1.7)
Education**
 None108 (11.2)34 (22.5)28 (18.4)17 (12.9)20 (8.8)9 (3.0)
 Up to 5 years primary206 (21.4)29 (19.2)40 (26.3)37 (28.0)64 (28.3)36 (12.0)
 5–8 years primary302 (31.4)38 (25.2)59 (38.8)40 (30.3)88 (38.9)77 (25.6)
 At least secondary296 (36.0)50 (33.1)25 (16.5)38 (28.8)41 (23.9)179 (59.4)
Employment status**
 Part-time or full time273 (28.4)30 (19.9)46 (30.3)35 (26.5)54 (23.9)108 (35.9)
 Self-employed395 (41.1)53 (35.1)84 (55.3)75 (56.8)103 (45.6)80 (25.6)
 Home maker293 (30.5)68 (45.0)22 (14.6)22 (16.6)69 (20.5)113 (37.5)
Duration of facility affiliation*
 6 months to 2 years153 (15.9)10 (6.6)16 (10.5)15 (11.4)23 (10.2)89 (29.6)
 2–4 years107 (11.0)14 (9.3)7 (4.6)15 (11.4)26 (11.5)45 (15.0)
 >4 years702 (73.0)127 (84.1)129 (84.9)102 (77.2)177 (78.2)167 (55.4)
Number of clinic visits in 2 years**
 3–5413 (42.9)49 (32.5)60 (39.5)60 (45.5)78 (34.5)166 (55.1)
 >5549 (57.1)102 (67.5)92 (60.5)72 (54.5)148 (65.5)135 (44.9)
Time to travel to facility**
 <30 mins316 (32.8)31 (20.5)35 (23.0)34 (25.8)71 (31.4)145 (48.2)
 30–60 mins247 (25.7)26 (17.2)29 (19.1)24 (18.2)62 (27.4)106 (35.1)
 >60 mins399 (41.5)94 (62.3)88 (57.9)74 (56.0)93 (41.2)50 (16.7)
Disability (physical, mental)**
 No850 (88.4)143 (94.7)130 (85.5)94 (71.2)217 (96.0)266 (88.4)
 Yes112 (11.6)8 (5.3)22 (14.5)38 (28.8)9 (4.0)35 (11.6)
Self-rated health**
 Poor(VP/P/F)466 (48.4)57 (37.7)62 (40.8)63 (47.7)125 (55.3)176 (58.5)
 Good (G/VG)496 (51.6)94 (62.3)90 (59.2)69 (52.3)101 (44.7)125 (41.5)
Patient satisfaction**
 Poor (VP/P/F)475 (49.4)58 (38.4)61 (40.1)70 (53.0)128 (56.6)158 (52.3)
 Good (G/VG)487 (50.6)93 (81.6)91 (59.9)62 (47.0)98 (43.4)143 (47.7)
  • *P<0.05, Duration of facility affiliation. **P<0.01, based on Χ2 test of difference across healthcare settings.