Table 1

Mortality characteristics, age 20–69 years, Estonia, 1995–2016

ICD-10Cause of deathMen, ASMRWomen, ASMRMen-to-women MRR
(95% CI)
AAPC of MRR
(95% CI)
19952016AAPC (95% CI)19952016AAPC (95% CI)
A00–Y98All causes1651.5716.3−3.7 (−4.0 to −3.4)530.0255.2−3.7 (−3.9 to −3.4)2.96 (2.93 to 3.00)0.0 (−0.2 to 0.2)
A00–B99Infectious diseases32.312.9−3.9 (−4.5 to −3.3)5.35.70.3 (−1.0 to 1.6)4.06 (3.69 to 4.47)−4.5 (−6.0 to −3.0)
A15–A19 Tuberculosis26.22.7−11.1 (−12.5 to −9.7)3.30.3−9.8 (−12.6 to −7.0)6.49 (5.61 to 7.53)0.1 (−2.4 to 2.6)
B20–B24 HIV disease*NA5.4−0.5 (−5.4 to 4.5)NA4.32.5 (−2.7 to 7.6)2.85 (2.32 to 3.50)−1.6 (−9.5 to 6.2)
C00–D48Neoplasms292.0184.5−2.1 (−2.3 to −1.9)138.3109.1−1.7 (−1.9 to −1.4)1.94 (1.90 to 1.98)−0.4 (−0.7 to −0.0)
C01–C15, C32 UADT31.523.8−1.5 (−2.1 to −0.9)3.82.31.0 (−0.7 to 2.8)10.26 (9.14 to 11.52)−2.2 (−3.9 to −0.5)
C16 Stomach37.315.9−4.0 (−4.5 to −3.5)13.26.7−3.8 (−4.7 to −2.9)2.35 (2.19 to 2.51)−0.2 (−1.1 to 0.7)
C18–C21 Colorectum21.213.0−1.7 (−2.3 to −1.0)13.211.6−1.8 (−2.7 to −0.8)1.63 (1.52 to 1.75)0.2 (−0.9 to 1.2)
C33–C34 Trachea, bronchus, lung106.447.3−3.6 (−3.9 to −3.2)10.212.51.2 (0.6 to 1.9)7.00 (6.59 to 7.43)−4.8 (−5.9 to −3.6)
C64–C68 Urinary organs16.814.6−1.5 (−2.1 to −1.0)4.83.7−1.5 (−2.4 to −0.7)3.92 (3.53 to 4.34)0.4 (−0.5 to 1.3)
I00–I99Circulatory diseases639.1236.9−4.4 (−4.8 to −4.0)212.565.0−6.0 (−6.3 to −5.6)3.19 (3.13 to 3.25)1.6 (1.1 to 2.0)
I10–I15 Hypertensive diseases21.147.26.3 (5.0 to 7.7)9.320.74.9 (4.1 to 5.8)2.48 (2.35 to 2.63)1.7 (0.5 to 2.9)
I20–I25 Ischaemic heart diseases383.599.7−6.2 (−6.7 to −5.8)105.018.5−8.6 (−9.2 to −8.1)4.06 (3.95 to 4.17)2.7 (1.9 to 3.4)
I21–I22  Myocardial infarction63.323.8−4.4 (−5.4 to −3.4)18.24.9−6.9 (−8.1 to −5.8)3.96 (3.73 to 4.21)3.3 (2.0 to 4.6)
I42 Cardiomyopathy55.719.5−4.1 (−5.3 to −2.9)12.64.3−6.2 (−7.7 to −4.7)4.38 (4.09 to 4.69)2.2 (0.9 to 3.6)
I60–I69 Cerebrovascular diseases136.930.7−7.8 (−8.6 to −7.0)73.510.6−9.3 (−10.0 to −8.7)2.11 (2.03 to 2.19)1.6 (0.9 to 2.2)
J00–J99Respiratory diseases76.826.3−5.1 (−5.8 to −4.4)17.06.2−4.8 (−6.3 to −3.3)4.94 (4.63 to 5.28)−0.3 (−1.7 to 1.1)
J40–J44 COPD18.67.2−3.0 (−4.0 to −2.0)2.21.4−1.8 (−3.3 to −0.3)6.56 (5.67 to 7.59)−0.6 (−2.5 to 1.3)
K00–K93Digestive diseases52.163.40.0 (−1.0 to 0.9)22.319.1−0.5 (−1.8 to 0.7)2.55 (2.43 to 2.67)0.7 (−0.3 to 1.7)
K70, K74 Liver cirrhosis22.843.81.6 (0.4 to 2.7)14.715.00.5 (−1.1 to 2.0)2.30 (2.18 to 2.44)1.3 (0.1 to 2.5)
D50–H95, L00–R94Other diseases58.843.6−0.4 (−1.4 to 0.6)43.318.0−2.6 (−3.5 to −1.7)1.92 (1.84 to 2.00)2.3 (1.8 to 2.8)
E10–E14 Diabetes mellitus6.89.20.1 (−1.3 to 1.5)6.22.6−2.8 (−4.3 to −1.4)1.52 (1.38 to 1.68)4.2 (2.0 to 6.4)
V01–Y98External causes465.3125.1−5.6 (−6.2 to −5.1)86.726.8−5.7 (−6.2 to −5.1)5.21 (5.06 to 5.37)0.0 (−0.4 to 0.3)
V01–V99 Transport accidents62.89.1−7.9 (−9.1 to −6.7)11.82.8−6.2 (−7.5 to −4.9)4.49 (4.12 to 4.88)−1.5 (−2.8 to −0.2)
W00–W19, W65–W74, X00–X09, X31 Falls, drowning, fire, excessive cold112.128.6−6.0 (−6.7 to −5.2)20.44.1−6.4 (−7.7 to −5.2)5.45 (5.14 to 5.79)0.7 (−0.2 to 1.7)
X40–X49 Accidental poisoning72.540.0−1.9 (−3.0 to −0.8)16.110.3−2.9 (−3.8 to −2.1)4.59 (4.30 to 4.89)0.7 (−0.2 to 1.6)
X42  Poisoning by narcotics*NA20.42.3 (−3.3 to 7.9)NA5.310.9 (4.4 to 17.4)6.88 (5.69 to 8.32)−9.4 (−12.7 to −6.0)
X45  Poisoning by alcohol60.516.8−5.4 (−6.5 to −4.3)14.93.6−6.1 (−6.9 to −5.3)4.07 (3.77 to 4.38)0.7 (−0.3 to 1.6)
X60–X84 Suicide99.227.9−6.4 (−7.1 to −5.8)19.23.9−6.7 (−7.9 to −5.5)6.15 (5.73 to 6.60)0.3 (−0.6 to 1.1)
X85–Y09 Homicide60.15.3−10.5 (−11.2 to −9.7)7.11.8−8.2 (−10.1 to −6.3)4.78 (4.34 to 5.27)−1.6 (−3.7 to 0.6)
F10, G31.2, X45 AP68.830.5−2.2 (−3.5 to −0.9)16.55.8−3.2 (−4.4 to −2.0)4.09 (3.85 to 4.35)1.3 (0.3 to 2.4)
R96–R99Unknown causes35.023.5−2.3 (−3.1 to −1.6)4.55.2−1.6 (−2.9 to −0.3)5.80 (5.28 to 6.38)−0.4 (−1.8 to 1.0)
  • *2007–2016 (only single cases before that period).

  • AAPC, average annual percentage change; AP, alcohol poisoning, mental disorders due to alcohol and alcohol-related degeneration of the nervous system as a group; ASMR, age-standardised mortality rate per 100 000 person-years (European standard population); CI, confidence interval; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; ICD, international classification of diseases; MRR, mortality rate ratio (adjusted for age (5-year age groups) and year of death); NA, not applicable; UADT, upper aerodigestive tract.