Table 3

Clinical characteristics of subjects

CharacteristicsTotal"Continuously-Employed""Employed-Unemployed" P values
Participants, n (%)193 (100.0)145 (75.1)48 (24.9)
NIHSS at admission, n (%)0.527
 Mild (0–2)157 (81.3)120 (82.8)37 (77.1)
 Moderate (3–15)35 (18.1)24 (16.6)11 (22.9)
 Severe (16–42)1 (0.5)1 (0.7)0 (0.0)
NIHSS at discharge, n (%)0.230
 Mild (0–2)165 (85.5)127 (87.6)38 (79.2)
 Moderate (3–15)28 (14.5)18 (12.4)10 (20.8)
 Severe (16–42)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
Functional outcomes at 3 months
NIHSS, n (%)0.019*
 Mild (0–2)178 (92.2)138 (95.2)40 (83.3)
 Moderate (3–15)15 (7.8)7 (4.8)8 (16.7)
 Severe (16–42)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
mRS, n (%)0.041*
 No symptoms at all (0)72 (37.3)59 (40.7)13 (27.1)
 No significant disability (1)97 (50.3)74 (51.0)23 (47.9)
 Slight disability (2)16 (8.3)8 (5.5)8 (16.7)
 Moderate disability (3)5 (2.6)2 (1.4)3 (6.2)
 Moderate to severe disability (4)2 (1.0)1 (0.7)1 (2.1)
 Severe disability (5)1 (0.5)1 (0.7)0 (0.0)
FMA (total affected side), n (%)0.066
 Normal (100)136 (70.5)109 (75.2)27 (56.2)
 Slight (96–99)37 (19.2)21 (14.5)16 (33.3)
 Moderate (85–95)10 (5.2)8 (5.5)2 (4.2)
 Marked (50–84)7 (3.6)5 (3.4)2 (4.2)
 Severe (0~49)3 (1.6)2 (1.4)1 (2.1)
FMA (total unaffected side)0.235
 Normal (100)166 (86.0)127 (87.6)39 (81.2)
 Slight (96–99)19 (9.8)14 (9.7)5 (10.4)
 Moderate (85–95)8 (4.1)4 (2.8)4 (8.3)
 Marked (50–84)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Severe (0~49)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
FAC, n (%)0.013*
 12 (1.0)1 (0.7)1 (2.1)
 21 (0.5)1 (0.7)0 (0.0)
 34 (2.1)3 (2.1)1 (2.1)
 417 (8.8)7 (4.8)10 (20.8)
 5169 (87.6)133 (91.7)36 (75.0)
K-MMSE, n (%)0.004**
 Normal (25–30)162 (83.9)129 (89.0)33 (68.8)
 Mild (21–24)16 (8.3)8 (5.5)8 (16.7)
 Moderate (11–20)15 (7.8)8 (5.5)7 (14.6)
 Severe (0–10)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
K-FAST, mean (SD)25.8 (5.4)26.7 (4.6)23.3 (6.6)0.001***
ASHA-NOMS, n (%)0.316
 11 (0.5)1 (0.7)0 (0.0)
 20 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 30 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 40 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 52 (1.0)2 (1.4)0 (0.0)
 617 (8.8)10 (6.9)7 (14.6)
 7173 (89.6)132 (91.0)41 (85.4)
K-MBI, mean (SD)97.5 (7.0)98.0 (6.1)95.9 (9.2)0.143
GDS-SF, mean (SD)4.1 (3.2)3.8 (3.2)4.8 (3.1)0.082
EQ-5D, mean (SD)0.9 (0.1)0.9 (0.1)0.9 (0.1)0.018*
RNLI, mean (SD)91 (16.0)93.1 (14.8)84.9 (17.9)0.002**
PWI-SF, n (%)0.002**
 Healthy (0–8)69 (35.8)62 (42.8)7 (14.6)
 Potential stress (9–26)103 (53.4)70 (48.3)33 (68.8)
 Severe stress (27–54)21 (10.9)13 (9.0)8 (16.7)
FSI, mean (SD)48.5 (6.4)49.0 (6.2)47.2 (6.9)0.094
  • *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001 when compared with the "Employed-Unemployed" group.

  • ASHA-NOMS, American Speech-Language-Hearing Association National Outcomes Measurement System; EQ-5D, EuroQol-5 dimensions; FAC, Functional Ambulatory Category; FMA, Fugl-Meyer Assessment; FSI, Family Support Index; GDS-SF, Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form; K-FAST, Korean version of Frenchay Aphasia Screening Test; K-MBI, Korean version of the Modified Barthel Index; K-MMSE, Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination; mRS, modified Rankin Scale; NIHSS, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale; PWI-SF, Psychosocial Well-being Index-Short Form; RNLI, Reintegration to Normal Living Index.