Table 3

Overview of symptoms persisting longer than 1 month

Doctors (n=1619)Nurses (n=2750)
Prevalence no (%)Prevalence ratio (95% CI)Prevalence no (%)Prevalence ratio (95% CI)
Hypervigilance
 No harm85 (43.2)Reference433 (47.5)Reference
 Temporary harm170 (45.7)1.06 (0.87 to 1.29)485 (51.8)1.09 (0.99 to 1.20)
 Permanent harm208 (57.3)1.33 (1.11 to 1.60)*162 (55.3)1.16 (1.03 to 1.32)*
 Death409 (59.5)1.38 (1.16 to 1.64)*365 (59.8)1.26 (1.15 to 1.38)*
Doubts about knowledge and skill
 No harm43 (21.8)Reference138 (15.2)Reference
 Temporary harm102 (27.4)1.26 (0.92 to 1.72)184 (19.7)1.30 (1.06 to 1.59)*
 Permanent harm152 (41.9)1.92 (1.43 to 2.57)*76 (25.9)1.71 (1.34 to 2.19)*
 Death319 (46.4)2.13 (1.61 to 2.80)*165 (27.1)1.79 (1.46 to 2.18)*
Stress
 No harm32 (16.2)Reference122 (13.4)Reference
 Temporary harm84 (22.6)1.39 (0.96 to 2.01)170 (18.2)1.36 (1.10 to 1.68)*
 Permanent harm131 (36.1)2.22 (1.57 to 3.14)*84 (28.7)2.14 (1.68 to 2.73)*
 Death308 (44.8)2.76 (1.99 to 3.83)*198 (32.5)2.42 (1.98 to 2.96)*
Shame
 No harm33 (16.8)Reference139 (15.3)Reference
 Temporary harm87 (23.4)1.40 (0.97 to 2.00)187 (20.0)1.31 (1.07 to 1.60)*
 Permanent harm132 (36.4)2.17 (1.55 to 3.05)*75 (25.6)1.68 (1.31 to 2.15)*
 Death279 (40.6)2.42 (1.75 to 3.35)*149 (24.4)1.60 (1.30 to 1.97)*
Flashbacks
 No harm22 (11.2)Reference111 (12.2)Reference
 Temporary harm52 (14.0)1.25 (0.78 to 2.00)182 (19.4)1.60 (1.28 to 1.98)*
 Permanent harm97 (26.7)2.39 (1.56 to 3.68)*83 (28.3)2.32 (1.81 to 2.99)*
 Death240 (34.9)3.13 (2.08 to 4.70)*229 (37.5)3.08 (2.52 to 3.77)*
Fear
 No harm23 (11.7)Reference94 (10.3)Reference
 Temporary harm39 (10.5)0.90 (0.55 to 1.46)150 (16.0)1.55 (1.22 to 1.98)*
 Permanent harm88 (24.2)2.08 (1.36 to 3.18)*63 (21.5)2.08 (1.56 to 2.79)*
 Death211 (30.7)2.63 (1.76 to 3.93)*161 (26.4)2.56 (2.03 to 3.23)*
Avoiding risks
 No harm6 (5.3)Reference42 (6.7)Reference
 Temporary harm23 (10.1)1.93 (0.81 to 4.59)57 (8.9)1.33 (0.91 to 1.95)
 Permanent harm48 (24.4)4.63 (2.05 to 10.48)*25 (13.0)1.93 (1.21 to 3.09)*
 Death104 (24.9)4.74 (2.14 to 10.51)*63 (14.9)2.21 (1.53 to 3.20)*
Unhappy and dejected
 No harm9 (7.9)Reference25 (4.0)Reference
 Temporary harm18 (7.9)1.00 (0.47 to 2.16)56 (8.8)2.19 (1.39 to 3.46)*
 Permanent harm40 (20.3)2.57 (1.30 to 5.10)*26 (13.5)3.38 (2.00 to 5.71)*
 Death117 (28.1)3.55 (1.86 to 6.78)*63 (14.9)3.72 (2.38 to 5.81)*
Uncomfortable within team
 No harm10 (8.8)Reference46 (7.4)Reference
 Temporary harm26 (11.5)1.31 (0.65 to 2.61)82 (12.9)1.74 (1.24 to 2.46)*
 Permanent harm54 (27.4)3.12 (1.66 to 5.89)*31 (16.2)2.19 (1.43 to 3.35)*
 Death115 (27.6)3.14 (1.70 to 5.80)*75 (17.7)2.41 (1.70 to 3.40)*
Difficulty sleeping
 No harm3 (2.6)Reference23 (3.7)Reference
 Temporary harm11 (4.9)1.84 (0.52 to 6.47)50 (7.8)2.13 (1.31 to 3.44)*
 Permanent harm31 (15.7)5.98 (1.87 to 19.12)*27 (14.1)3.82 (2.24 to 6.50)*
 Death94 (22.5)8.57 (2.77 to 26.54)*68 (16.1)4.36 (2.76 to 6.88)*
Unable to provide quality care
 No harm8 (7.0)Reference41 (6.6)Reference
 Temporary harm21 (9.3)1.32 (0.60 to 2.88)85 (13.3)2.03 (1.42 to 2.89)*
 Permanent harm46 (23.4)3.33 (1.63 to 6.80)*39 (20.3)3.09 (2.06 to 4.65)*
 Death106 (25.4)3.62 (1.82 to 7.21)*95 (22.5)3.42 (2.42 to 4.83)*
  • *P<0.05.