Table 4

Overview of symptoms persisting longer than 6 months

Doctors (n=1619)Nurses (n=2750)
Prevalence no (%)Prevalence ratio (95% CI)Prevalence no (%)Prevalence ratio (95% CI)
Hypervigilance
 No harm30 (15.2)Reference206 (22.6)Reference
 Temporary harm52 (14.0)0.92 (0.61 to 1.39)206 (22.0)0.97 (0.82 to 1.15)
 Permanent harm77 (21.2)1.39 (0.95 to 2.05)88 (30.0)1.33 (1.07 to 1.64)*
 Death182 (26.5)1.74 (1.22 to 2.47)*191 (31.3)1.38 (1.17 to 1.64)*
Doubts about knowledge and skill
 No harm5 (2.5)Reference25 (2.7)Reference
 Temporary harm19 (5.1)2.01 (0.76 to 5.31)52 (5.6)2.02 (1.27 to 3.23)*
 Permanent harm47 (13.0)5.10 (2.06 to 12.62)*25 (8.5)3.11 (1.81 to 5.33)*
 Death114 (16.6)6.54 (2.71 to 15.78)*69 (11.3)4.12 (2.64 to 6.44)*
Stress
 No harm4 (2.0)Reference32 (3.5)Reference
 Temporary harm15 (4.0)1.99 (0.67 to 5.90)49 (5.2)1.49 (0.96 to 2.30)
 Permanent harm29 (8.0)3.93 (1.40 to 11.03)*26 (8.9)2.53 (1.53 to 4.17)*
 Death84 (12.2)6.02 (2.24 to 16.21)*57 (9.3)2.66 (1.75 to 4.05)*
Shame
 No harm6 (3.1)Reference33 (3.6)Reference
 Temporary harm21 (5.7)1.85 (0.76 to 4.52)67 (7.2)1.98 (1.32 to 2.97)*
 Permanent harm35 (9.6)3.17 (1.36 to 7.40)*31 (10.6)2.92 (1.82 to 4.68)*
 Death99 (14.4)4.73 (2.11 to 10.62)*65 (10.7)2.94 (1.96 to 4.42)*
Flashbacks
 No harm7 (3.6)Reference32 (3.5)Reference
 Temporary harm17 (4.6)1.29 (0.54 to 3.05)68 (7.3)2.07 (1.37 to 3.12)*
 Permanent harm30 (8.3)2.33 (1.04 to 5.20)*31 (10.6)3.01 (1.87 to 4.85)*
 Death94 (13.7)3.85 (1.82 to 8.16)*103 (16.9)4.81 (3.28 to 7.05)*
Fear
 No harm3 (1.5)Reference25 (2.7)Reference
 Temporary harm8 (2.2)1.41 (0.38 to 5.26)48 (5.1)1.87 (1.16 to 3.00)*
 Permanent harm26 (7.2)4.70 (1.44 to 15.34)*24 (8.2)2.98 (1.73 to 5.14)*
 Death79 (11.5)7.55 (2.41 to 23.66)*62 (10.2)3.70 (2.35 to 5.83)*
Avoiding risks
 No harm1 (0.9)Reference13 (2.1)Reference
 Temporary harm8 (3.5)4.02 (0.51 to 31.73)25 (3.9)1.88 (0.97 to 3.64)
 Permanent harm13 (6.6)7.52 (0.99 to 56.76)8 (4.2)2.00 (0.84 to 4.75)
 Death33 (7.9)9.02 (1.25 to 65.25)*27 (6.4)3.06 (1.60 to 5.87)*
Unhappy and dejected
 No harm2 (1.8)Reference3 (0.5)Reference
 Temporary harm2 (0.9)0.50 (0.07 to 3.52)11 (1.7)3.59 (1.01 to 12.79)*
 Permanent harm7 (3.6)2.03 (0.43 to 9.59)5 (2.6)5.42 (1.31 to 22.46)*
 Death30 (7.2)4.10 (0.99 to 16.90)15 (3.6)7.38 (2.15 to 25.32)*
Uncomfortable within team
 No harm1 (0.9)Reference8 (1.3)Reference
 Temporary harm7 (3.1)3.52 (0.44 to 28.23)21 (3.3)2.57 (1.15 to 5.75)*
 Permanent harm10 (5.1)5.79 (0.75 to 44.62)10 (5.2)4.06 (1.63 to 10.15)*
 Death36 (8.6)9.84 (1.36 to 71.01)*26 (6.2)4.79 (2.19 to 10.49)*
Difficulty sleeping
 No harm1 (0.9)Reference5 (0.8)Reference
 Temporary harm2 (0.9)1.00 (0.09 to 10.96)13 (2.0)2.54 (0.91 to 7.09)
 Permanent harm6 (3.1)3.47 (0.42 to 28.48)8 (4.2)5.20 (1.72 to 15.71)*
 Death26 (6.2)7.11 (0.98 to 51.82)18 (4.3)5.31 (1.99 to 14.19)*
Unable to provide quality care
 No harm1 (0.9)Reference10 (1.6)Reference
 Temporary harm7 (3.1)3.52 (0.44 to 28.23)26 (4.1)2.54 (1.24 to 5.23)*
 Permanent harm9 (4.6)5.21 (0.67 to 40.58)16 (8.3)5.20 (2.40 to 11.27)*
 Death27 (6.5)7.38 (1.01 to 53.74)*39 (9.2)5.75 (2.90 to 11.40)*
  • *P<0.05.