Table 2

Baseline distribution of covariates and association with viraemic rate (defined as having detectable HCV RNA viral load after testing positive for anti-HCV) among available demographic factors

Total (%)# Positive (%)Crude OR (95% CI)P value*
Overall37712099 (55.66) 
Age (years)
 <2559 (1.59)15 (25.42)1<0.0001
 25–3482 (2.21)33 (40.24)1.98 (0.95 to 4.11)
 35–44132 (3.56)48 (36.36)1.68 (0.84 to 3.33)
 45–54562 (15.16)288 (51.25)3.08 (1.68 to 5.67)
 >552871 (77.47)1681 (58.55)4.14 (2.3 to 7.48)
Sex
 Female2513 (66.66)1377 (54.8)10.1322
 Male1257 (33.34)722 (57.44)1.11 (0.97 to 1.28)
Province
 East905 (24.01)467 (51.6)10.0067
 Kigali City334 (8.86)194 (58.08)1.30 (1.01 to 1.67)
 North503 (13.34)309 (61.43)1.49 (1.2 to 1.86)
 South1171 (31.06)643 (54.91)1.14 (0.96 to 1.36)
 West857 (22.73)485 (56.59)1.22 (1.01 to 1.48)
SES†
 1658 (18.58)385 (58.51)10.3486
 21372 (38.74)750 (54.66)0.86 (0.71 to 1.03)
 31509 (42.6)845 (56)0.90 (0.75 to 1.09)
 43 (0.08)1 (33.33)0.35 (0.03 to 3.93)
HBsAg results
 HBsAg negative3679 (97.82)2058 (55.94)10.0661
 HBsAg positive82 (2.18)37 (45.12)0.65 (0.42 to 1.01)
  • 2 p values.

  • †229 (6.07%) missing SES, all other variables <5% missing.

  • HBsAg ,  hepatitis B virus surface antigen;  HCV,  hepatitis C   virus; SES, socioeconomic status.