Table 2

Comparison of mean scores at 3 and 12 months in the HADS and EQ-5D-3L (n=74)

Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Z-valueP value
3  months12  months
HADS
HADS-anxiety5.6 (±4.8)4.7 (±4.3)2.3370.02*
HADS-depression3.4 (±3.5)2.6 (±2.6)2.1990.03*
Total score9.0 (±7.8)7.3 (±6.5)2.5790.01*
EQ-5D-3L
EQ VAS (n=67)73 (±18)77 (±19)2.2920.02*
Index value0.82 (±0.26)0.88 (±0.15)2.9660.003*
  • *P < 0.05 indicates statistical significance.

  • EQ-5D-3L, European Quality of Life 5 Dimensions 3 Level; HADS, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; VAS, Visual Analogue Scale.