Table 2

Estimated coefficients of the final model

TermOR (95% CI)P value
(Intercept)0.05 (0.04 to 0.06)<0.001
Pharmacy-based cost group (PCG) cancer (=yes)1.26 (1.12 to 1.42)<0.001
PCG cardiac disease (=yes)1.09 (1.03 to 1.14)0.001
PCG pain (=yes)1.16 (1.10 to 1.23)<0.001
Emergency index admission (=yes)1.50 (1.43 to 1.56)<0.001
No of emergency visits (=one)1.06 (1.00 to 1.12)0.054
No of emergency visits (=multiple)1.15 (1.07 to 1.25)<0.001
Costs specialists (=low)0.93 (0.88 to 0.99)0.013
Costs specialists (=high)0.87 (0.81 to 0.94)<0.001
Costs hospital outpatient (=low)0.99 (0.94 to 1.04)0.752
Costs hospital outpatient (=high)1.28 (1.18 to 1.38)<0.001
Costs laboratory (=low)1.13 (1.06 to 1.21)<0.001
Costs laboratory (=high)1.31 (1.21 to 1.42)<0.001
Costs therapeutic devices (=low)1.07 (1.01 to 1.12)0.012
Costs therapeutic devices (=high)1.20 (1.11 to 1.30)<0.001
Costs physiotherapy (=low)0.88 (0.83 to 0.93)<0.001
Costs physiotherapy (=high)0.87 (0.79 to 0.95)0.002
No of outpatient visits (=low)0.81 (0.73 to 0.89)<0.001
No of outpatient visits (=high)0.84 (0.74 to 0.94)0.003
Sex (=male)1.30 (1.24 to 1.35)<0.001
Age group (=30–39)0.98 (0.87 to 1.11)0.786
Age group (=40–49)1.16 (1.04 to 1.30)0.008
Age group (=50–59)1.25 (1.12 to 1.39)<0.001
Age group (=60–69)1.40 (1.26 to 1.56)<0.001
Age group (=70–79)1.38 (1.24 to 1.53)<0.001
Age group (=80–89)1.50 (1.34 to 1.68)<0.001
Age group (=90+)1.26 (1.06 to 1.50)0.009
Region (=Lake Geneva)0.75 (0.69 to 0.81)<0.001
Region (=Midland)0.92 (0.87 to 0.98)0.011
Region (=Northwest)0.94 (0.88 to 1.01)0.079
Region (=East)1.05 (0.98 to 1.12)0.187
Region (=Ticino)0.96 (0.88 to 1.03)0.243
Region (=Central)0.82 (0.74 to 0.90)<0.001