Table 3

Demographic and health variables of participants with low levels of psychosocial work stress at wave 1 and incidence of high psychosocial work stress occurred during the 2 years follow-up (wave 2), n (%)

VariablesParticipant remain high reward, n=396Incident low reward, n=676P valueParticipant remain high control, n=358Incident low control, n=751P value
Age, m±SD55.30±4.0454.64±3.640.0655.50±4.1455.24±4.090.31
Gender male226 (57.25)379 (56.07)0.80217 (60.61)427 (56.86)0.19
Education*†‡ < 0.0010.05
 Elementary78 (19.70)194 (28.70)63 (17.60)178 (23.70)
 Medium122 (30.81)209 (30.92)111 (31.00)229 (30.49)
 High school+193 (48.74)261 (38.61)183 (51.12)339 (45.14)
 Living alone65 (16.41)133 (19.67)0.1165 (18.16)139 (18.51)0.93
 Less than good perceived health30 (7.58)83 (12.28)0.0235 (9.78)102 (13.58)0.79
 One or more chronic diseases221 (55.81)365 (53.99)0.5773 (20.39)158 (21.04)0.87
BMI*†§0.490.61
 Underweight1 (0.25)4 (0.59)2 (0.56)6 (0.80)
 Normal178 (44.95)293 (43.34)142 (39.66)335 (44.61)
 Overweight167 (42.17)276 (40.83)152 (42.46)300 (39.95)
 Obese50 (12.63)98 (14.50)59 (16.48)107 (14.25)
 One or more mobility limitations*79 (19.95)158 (23.37)0.1979 (22.06)186 (24.77)0.36
 Current smokers95 (23.99)186 (27.51)0.2291 (25.42)193 (25.70)0.94
 Alcohol drinker†60 (15.15)73 (10.80)0.0452 (14.53)98 (13.05)0.10
 Physical activity*†390 (98.48)661 (97.78)0.50352 (98.32)741 (98.67)0.35
 Depression*†47 (11.87)93 (13.76)0.4044 (12.29)110 (14.65)0.31
 Low income*127 (32.07)183 (27.07)0.14106 (29.61)211 (28.10)0.47
 Poor QoL73 (18.43)212 (31.36) <0.00190 (25.14)233 (31.03)0.05
  • *Incident of low reward: 15 participants with missing information in education, 5 in BMI, 1 in mobility limitation, 5 in depression and 116 in income.

  • †Incident of low control: 6 participants with missing information in education, 6 in BMI, 2 in alcohol consumption, 1 in physical activity, 4 in depression and 114 in income.

  • ‡Education: elementary (preprimary, primary and lower secondary school), medium (upper-secondary school) and high (postsecondary and tertiary school).

  • §Underweight: Below 18.5, normal: 18.5–24.9, overweight: 25–29.9, obese: 30 or higher.

  • BMI, body mass index; QoL, quality of life.