Table 1

Number of cases (n), prevalence per 100 (P) and OR with 95% CI of poor QoL in relation to the demographic and health variables

ParticipantPoor QoL casesPrevalence, per 100 personsOR (95% CI)
Total population4754182838.45
Age, m±SD55.61±4.3655.5±4.230.99 (0.98 to 1.00)
Gender
 Male2650104939.581
 Female210477937.020.90 (0.80 to 1.01)
Education*†
 Elementary131059645.501
 Medium159063940.190.81 (0.69 to 0.93)
 High school+177655831.420.55 (0.47 to 0.64)
Living arrangement
 Living with partner3852141536.731
 Living alone90241345.791.46 (1.26 to 1.68)
Self-perceived health*
 Good or better than good3931133233.881
 Less than good82249560.222.94 (2.52 to 3.43)
Chronic diseases*
 None201866032.711
 One or more2734116842.721.54 (1.36 to 1.73)
BMI*‡
 Underweight351542.861.37 (0.70 to 2.69)
 Normal193769836.041
 Overweight202079239.211.18 (1.04 to 1.34)
 Obese68930444.121.44 (1.21 to 1.72)
Mobility limitations*
 None3484119134.181
 One or more126863750.241.95 (1.71 to 2.22)
Smoking
 Smoker3505130437.201
 Non-smoker124952441.951.22 (1.07 to 1.39)
Alcohol consumption*
 Drinker4151161138.811
 Non-drinker59521636.30.91 (0.77 to 1.09)
Physical activity*
 Yes4653178638.381
 No994242.421.22 (0.82 to 1.81)
Depression*
 No3991133833.531
 Yes74048064.863.66 (3.11 to 4.32)
Low income*
 No2828103636.631
 Yes140160242.971.30 (1.14 to 1.49)
Low reward
 No182352929.021
 Yes2818128045.422.11 (1.86 to 2.39)
Low control
 No193654828.311
 Yes2931129944.321.95 (1.72 to 2.21)
Reward and control
 HR+HC98622122.411
 HR+LC95032734.421.82 (1.49 to 2.21)
 LR+HC83730836.802.02 (1.64 to 2.48)
 LR+LC198197249.073.35 (2.80 to 3.97)
  • All ORs were crude value.

  • *78 participants with missing information in education, 1 in self-perceived Health, 2 in chronic disease, 37 in BMI, 2 in mobility limitation, 8 in alcohol consumption, 2 in physical activity, 23 in depression and 535 in income.

  • Education: elementary (pre primary, primary and lower secondary school), medium (upper-secondary school) and high (post secondary and tertiary school).

  • ‡Underweight: Below 18.5, normal: 18.5–24.9 overweight: 25–29.9, obese: 30 or higher.

  • BMI, body mass index; HC, high control; HR, high reward; LC, low control; LR, low reward;  QoL, quality of life.