Table 3

Descriptive and comparative statistics for empathy measurements by patients

nJSPPPE (SD)P valueCARE (SD)P value
Physicians in trainingIntern19133.27 (3.59)<0.00146.37 (6.95)<0.001
Resident37529.81 (6.68)41.81 (8.09)
Physicians’ genderMale27630.04 (6.72)<0.00143.04 (8.25)>0.05
Female29031.87 (5.18)43.63 (7.8)
Patients’ genderMale23831.31 (5.78)>0.0543.23 (8.3)>0.05
Female32830.73 (6.22)43.43 (7.8)
  • CARE, Consultation and Relational Empathy Scale; JSPPPE, Jefferson Scale of Patient’s Perceptions of Physician Empathy.