Table 1

General clinical parameters in study cohort according to the mode of delivery

Vaginal delivery (n=304)Caesarean section (n=260)P value
Maternal age (years, median/range)32 (24–48)33 (23–45) P=0.08
Parity (number, %)
 1 (n=469)258 (55%)211 (45%)0.24
 2 (n=95)46 (48%)49 (52%)
Gravida (number, %)
 1 (n=415)232 (56%)183 (44%)0.281
 2 (n=122)59 (48%)63 (52%)
 ≥3 (n=27)13 (48%)14 (52%)
Education Level (number, row %)
 Under tertiary (n=18)8 (44%)10 (56%)0.728
 Under graduate (n=450)244 (54%)206 (46%)
 Post graduate (n=96)52 (54%)44 (46%)
Residence (number, row %)
 Shanghai (n=448)229 (51%)219 (49%) P=0.009
 Non-Shanghai (n=116)75 (64%)41 (36%)
 Maternal weight before pregnancy (kg, mean/SD)55.28±7.7655.36±8.98P=0.902
Living conditions
 Own house (n=489)255 (52%)234 (48%)0.0802
 Rental house (n=25)15 (60%)10 (40%)
 Parent’s house (n=45)31 (68%)14 (32%)
Attendance of a prenatal education course (number, row %)
 Yes (n=116)72 (62%)44 (38%) P=0.045
 No (n=448)232 (52%)216 (48%)
  • Bold values are statistically significant.