Table 1

Baseline characteristics and 1-year health outcomes of long-stay home care clients aged 50+ years in Ontario (April 2014 to March 2015), by the presence of dementia

Overall sample
n=153 125
Dementia diagnosis*
No
n=112 169
Yes
n=40 956
Age (years)
 Mean±SD80.08±10.6578.92±11.2883.27±7.85
 Median (IQR)82 (74–88)81 (71–88)84 (79–89)
Female sex99 040 (64.7%)73 133 (65.2%)25 907 (63.3%)
Marital status
 Married58 389 (38.1%)41 127 (36.7%)17 262 (42.1%)
 Widowed68 353 (44.6%)49 151 (43.8%)19 202 (46.9%)
 Separated/divorced14 771 (9.6%)12 131 (10.8%)2640 (6.4%)
 Never married/other11 612 (7.6%)9760 (8.7%)1852 (4.5%)
Rural–urban residence†
 Urban133 619 (87.3%)97 160 (86.6%)36 459 (89.0%)
 Rural19 502 (12.7%)15 007 (13.4%)4495 (11.0%)
Income quintile†
 1 (low)36 889 (24.1%)28 642 (25.5%)8247 (20.1%)
 232 812 (21.4%)24 444 (21.8%)8368 (20.4%)
 329 656 (19.4%)21 503 (19.2%)8153 (19.9%)
 428 217 (18.4%)19 943 (17.8%)8274 (20.2%)
 5 (high)24 963 (16.3%)17 193 (15.3%)7770 (19.0%)
Number of chronic conditions (excl. dementia)
 0–112 437 (8.1%)8312 (7.4%)4125 (10.1%)
 220 112 (13.1%)13 805 (12.3%)6307 (15.4%)
 328 867 (18.9%)20 560 (18.3%)8307 (20.3%)
 429 459 (19.2%)21 660 (19.3%)7799 (19.0%)
 524 422 (15.9%)18 485 (16.5%)5937 (14.5%)
 6+37 828 (24.7%)29 347 (26.2%)8481 (20.7%)
Frailty index (modified)
 Mean±SD0.24±0.090.24±0.090.25±0.10
 Median (IQR)0.23 (0.18–0.30)0.23 (0.17–0.30)0.25 (0.18–0.32)
 Robust52 113 (34.0%)39 214 (35.0%)12 899 (31.5%)
 Prefrail61 450 (40.1%)45 788 (40.8%)15 662 (38.2%)
 Frail39 562 (25.8%)27 167 (24.2%)12 395 (30.3%)
Outcomes over follow-up
 Died22 439 (14.7%)16 334 (14.6%)6105 (14.9%)
 Admitted to LTC24 704 (16.1%)12 413 (11.1%)12 291 (30.0%)
 Urgent hospital admission58 551 (38.2%)43 504 (38.8%)15 047 (36.7%)
  • *All differences are statistically significant at p<0.001 except for mortality outcome (p=0.092).

  • †Less than 0.4% of the cohort with missing data for one or both of these covariates.

  • LTC, long-term care.