Table 2

Data collection method, sample size and content related to facility delivery

MethodSampleInterview content related to facility delivery
Narrative interviews with recent mothers12
  • Labour and delivery story.

  • Perceived knowledge and skills related to pregnancy and newborn care.

  • Description of contacts during pregnancy and delivery with health workers, HDA leaders and HEWs.

  • Information received on where to deliver, source of the information, reaction to the information and the impact of the information on decision-making.

In-depth interviews with recent mothers13
  • Perceptions of where most people deliver, and community views of those who deliver at home and those who deliver in a facility.

  • Views on HEW/HDA leaders work and their suitability.

  • Description of contacts during pregnancy and delivery with health workers, HDA leaderss and HEWs.

  • Information received on where to deliver, source of the information and reaction to the information.

  • Most significant maternal and newborn health changes in the community in the last 2 years, and why things changed.

FGD with recent mothers4
  • Pile sort of behaviours practised/not practised, important/not important and that are promoted/not promoted by HEWs/HDA leaders.

  • Community views of those who deliver at home and those who deliver in a facility.

  • Most significant maternal and newborn health changes in the last 2 years, and why things changed.

  • Reaction to statements that HEWs/HDA leaders work does not bring change, and that people dislike HEWs telling them where to deliver.

FGD with grand-mothers4
  • Reaction to a picture of a facility delivery.

  • Most significant maternal and newborn health changes in the last 2 years and why things changed.

  • Reaction to statements about grandmothers supporting traditional practices, and that mothers do not listen to grandmother advice.

FGDs with fathers4
  • Reaction to a picture of a facility delivery.

  • Fathers role in deciding place of delivery.

  • Response to a scenario where a family does not follow HEW advice.

  • Views on HEW/HDA leaders work and their suitability.

  • Most significant maternal and newborn health change in the last 2 years and why things changed.

  • Reaction to statements that mothers/fathers make decisions about delivery, and that people dislike HEWs telling them where to deliver.

FGD with HEW and HDA leaders4
  • Pile sort of behaviours practised/not practised, important/not important and that are promoted/not promoted by HEWs/HDA leaders.

  • Most significant changes in the community, and in their work, related to maternal and newborn health in the last 2 years and why things changed.

  • Successes and challenges they faced in encouraging behaviour change.

  • Reaction to statements that mothers get punished if they do not follow advice, and that mothers prefer advice of family members.

  • HDA, Health Development Army; HEW, health extension workers; FGD, focus group discussion.