Table 3

Adjusted regression coefficients for anthropometric and body composition measures in adulthood according to maternal smoking during pregnancy

Adjusted regression coefficient (95% CI)*
Body mass index
(kg/m2)
Fat mass index (kg/m2)Android to gynoid fat ratioWaist circumference
(cm)
Waist to height ratioLean mass index (kg/m2)Height
(cm)
Maternal smoking in pregnancy
  NoReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
  Yes0.84
(0.55 to 1.12)
0.44
(0.23 to 0.64)
0.016
(0.010 to 0.023)
1.74
(1.15 to 2.33)
0.013
(0.010 to 0.017)
0.33
(0.24 to 0.42)
−0.95
(−1.26 to −0.65)
Duration of maternal smoking
  Non-smokersReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
  Smoked in part of pregnancy1.17
(0.62 to 1.71)
0.70
(0.30 to 1.11)
0.013
(0.001 to 0.026)
2.49
(1.32 to 3.65)
0.016
(0.009 to 0.023)
0.34
(0.16 to 0.53)
−0.43
(−1.03 to 0.18)
  Smoked in whole pregnancy0.76
(0.46 to 1.06)
0.37
(0.15 to 0.59)
0.017
(0.010 to 0.024)
1.56
(0.93 to 2.19)
0.013
(0.009 to 0.016)
0.32
(0.22 to 0.42)
−1.07
(−1.40 to −0.74)
Cigarettes smoked per day
  NoneReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
  1–14 cigarettes/day0.89
(0.60 to 1.19)
0.46
(0.24 to 0.69)
0.018
(0.011 to 0.025)
1.86
(1.23 to 2.50)
0.014
(0.010 to 0.017)
0.34
(0.24 to 0.44)
−0.81
(−1.15 to −0.49)
 ≥15 cigarettes/day0.62
(0.09 to 1.15)
0.32
(−0.08 to 0.71)
0.010
(−0.003 to 0.022)
1.24
(0.12 to 2.36)
0.012
(0.005 to 0.019)
0.30
(0.12 to 0.47)
−1.52
(−2.11 to −0.94)
  • *Adjusted for sex, age (Cohort), family income at birth, maternal skin colour, maternal schooling, maternal age at childbirth, parity, pre-gestational nutritional status and maternal height.