Table 4

Adjusted regression coefficients for anthropometric and body composition measures in adulthood according to maternal smoking during pregnancy and partner smoking

Adjusted regression coefficient (95% CI)
Body mass index
(kg/m2)
Fat mass index (kg/m2)Android to gynoid fat ratioWaist circumference (cm)Waist to height ratioLean mass index (kg/m2)Height
(cm)
1982 cohort
Maternal smoking in pregnancy*
  NoReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
  Yes0.65
(0.24 to 1.06)
0.30
(0.01 to 0.59)
0.020
(0.011 to 0.030)
1.54
(0.67 to 2.41)
0.012
(0.006 to 0.017)
0.27
(0.13 to 0.41)
−0.75
(−1.17 to −0.33)
Partner smoking at 4 years*
  NoReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
  Yes−0.04
(−0.47 to 0.39)
0.01
(−0.29 to 0.33)
0.001
(−0.010 to 0.011)
−0.05
(−0.97 to 0.88)
0.001
(−0.005 to 0.006)
0.02
(−0.12 to 0.17)
−0.11
(−0.56 to 0.34)
Maternal smoking in pregnancy†
  NoReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
  Yes0.64
(0.19 to 1.10)
0.24
(−0.09 to 0.56)
0.016
(0.005 to 0.027)
1.60
(0.62 to 2.57)
0.012
(0.006 to 0.018)
0.24
(0.09 to 0.39)
−0.73
(−1.21 to −0.26)
Partner smoking at 4 years‡
  NoReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
  Yes−0.04
(−0.47 to 0.39)
0.02
(−0.29 to 0.33)
0.001
(−0.010 to 0.011)
−0.05
(−0.97 to 0.87)
0.001
(−0.005 to 0.006)
0.02
(−0.12 to 0.17)
−0.11
(−0.55 to 0.35)
1993 cohort
Maternal smoking in pregnancy*
  NoReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
  Yes1.04
(0.66 to 1.42)
0.38
(0.25 to 0.51)
0.014
(0.006 to 0.023)
1.99
(1.18 to 2.80)
0.016
(0.011 to 0.021)
0.38
(0.25 to 0.51)
−1.21
(−1.66 to −0.76)
Partner smoking in pregnancy*
  NoReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
  Yes0.48
(0.11 to 0.85)
0.20
(−0.09 to 0.48)
0.006
(−0.002 to 0.014)
1.23
(0.44 to 2.01)
0.009
(0.004 to 0.013)
0.21
(0.09 to 0.34)
−0.28
(−0.71 to 0.15)
Maternal smoking in pregnancy§
  NoReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
  Yes1.01
(0.61 to 1.42)
0.36
(0.23 to 0.50)
0.015
(0.006 to 0.024)
1.92
(1.05 to 2.78)
0.015
(0.009 to 0.020)
0.36
(0.23 to 0.50)
−1.13
(−1.61 to −0.65)
Partner smoking in pregnancy‡
  NoReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
  Yes0.28
(0.09 to 0.67)
0.07
(−0.22 to 0.36)
0.003
(−0.005 to 0.012)
0.85
(0.06 to 1.66)
0.006
(0.001 to 0.011)
0.14
(0.02 to 0.27)
−0.06
(−0.50 to 0.38)
  • *Adjusted for sex, family income at birth, maternal skin colour, maternal schooling, maternal age at childbirth, parity, pre-gestational nutritional status and maternal height.

  • †Adjusted for sex, family income at birth, maternal skin colour, maternal schooling, maternal age at childbirth, parity, pre-gestational nutritional status, maternal height and partner smoking at 4 years.

  • ‡Adjusted for sex, family income at birth, maternal skin colour, maternal schooling, maternal age at childbirth, parity, pre-gestational nutritional status, maternal height and maternal smoking in pregnancy.

  • §Adjusted for sex, family income at birth, maternal skin colour, maternal schooling, maternal age at childbirth, parity, pre-gestational nutritional status, maternal height and partner smoking in pregnancy.