Table 2

Performance of hand hygiene and knowledge and attitudes among the 310 included patients

ItemsTotal n (%)
Knowledge and attitude
Have you received any education related to hand hygiene?
 Yes147 (47.4)
 No163 (52.6)
Hand hygiene knowledge sources
  Television76 (28.5)
  Newspaper20 (7.5)
  Magazine18 (6.7)
  Internet37 (13.9)
  Medical staff95 (35.6)
  Other21 (7.9)
Do you know anything about hand hygiene?
 Do not know126 (40.6)
  A little98 (31.6)
 Most44 (14.2)
 All42 (13.5)
Is handwashing important for recovery from disease?
 Yes292 (94.2)
  No18 (5.8)
Can handwashing prevent infection in patients?
  Yes289 (93.2)
  No21 (6.8)
Performance
How many times do you wash your hands every day?
 ≤248 (15.5)
  3~5145 (46.8)
  6~1069 (22.3)
 >1048 (15.5)
How long does it take to wash your hands every time?
 <1 min152 (49.0)
  1~2 min135 (43.5)
 ≥2 min23 (7.4)
Handwashing ways*
 Wash basin560 (18.9)
  Flowing water1913 (64.7)
  Alcohol-based hand rub484 (16.4)
Handwashing products*
  Tap water only1797 (46.6)
  Hand sanitizer516 (13.4)
  Soap987 (25.6)
  Alcohol-based hand rub555 (14.4)
Ways in which you wipe your hands*
  Hand towel976 (20.0)
  Any towel819 (17.5)
  Disposable tissues1012 (21.6)
  Clothes on my body410 (8.8)
  Wave hands in the air873 (18.7)
  Face towel588 (12.6)
Do you have a dedicated hand towel?
  Yes130 (41.9)
 No180 (58.1)
Times of hand towel washes every day
  010 (7.7)
  132 (24.6)
  229 (22.3)
  325 (19.2)
  427 (20.8)
  Wash once every few days7 (5.4)
  • *‘Handwashing ways’, ‘handwashing products’ and ‘ways in which you wipe your hands’ these three items are multiple topics, so each number of respondents is over the total number of respondents.