Table 1

Demographic characteristics of the 310 included patients

CharacteristicParticipants (%)
Identity of the respondents
 Patients242 (78.1)
 Family members/caregivers68 (21.9)
Sex
 Female145 (46.8)
 Male165 (53.2)
Age, years
 <3057 (18.4)
 30–3934 (11.0)
 40–4956 (18.1)
 50–5972 (23.2)
 ≥6091 (29.4)
Education level
 Primary or below77 (24.8)
 Junior high school88 (28.4)
 Senior high school62 (20.0)
 Technical secondary school20 (6.5)
 College34 (11.0)
 Undergraduate28 (9.0)
 Postgraduate or above1 (0.3)
Occupation
 Farmer67 (21.6)
 Workman27 (8.7)
 Clerk47 (15.2)
 Medical staff2 (0.6)
 Teacher3 (1.0)
 Student13 (4.2)
 Freelancer34 (11.0)
 Unemployed45 (14.5)
 Retiree72 (23.2)
Place of residence
 Urban147 (47.4)
 Town53 (17.1)
 Village110 (35.5)
Income (¥/year)*
 <50 000206 (66.5)
  50 000~100 00080 (25.8)
  100 000~200 00018 (5.8)
 >200 0006 (1.9)
No of hospitalisations
  1117 (37.7)
  274 (23.9)
 ≥3119 (38.4)
The length of hospital stay at the time the questionnaire was completed (days)
  1–367 (21.6)
  4–6107 (34.5)
  7–949 (15.8)
  10–1351 (16.5)
 ≥1436 (11.6)
Ward
  Medical ward110 (35.5)
  Surgical ward144 (46.5)
  Obstetrics/gynaecology ward23 (7.4)
  Paediatric ward9 (2.9)
  Infectious diseases ward15 (4.8)
  Intensive care unit9 (2.9)
Was surgery performed this time?
 Yes132 (42.6)
 No178 (57.4)
Is there any infection?
 Yes86 (27.7)
 No224 (72.3)
  • *50 000¥≈US$7209.