Table 1

Sociodemographic characteristics of the study participants, by FGM/C status and total

Women with FGM/C, n=175Women with no FGM/C,  n=756Total sample, 
n=963
Test for difference*
Age, years (average, SD)33.4±9.9528.1±8.6228.9±9.1t=−90.39 (df=930), p<0.001
Nationality
 Saudi87 (49.7)572 (75.7)683 (70.9)X2=81.23, df=1 p<0.001
 Naturalised Saudi23 (13.1)54 (7.1)79 (8.2)
 Non-Saudi65 (37.2)130 (17.5)201 (20.9)
Marital status
 Single42 (24.0)403 (53.3)463 (48.1)X2=38.65, df=1 p<0.001
 Married122 (69.7)330 (43.7)465 (41.3)
 Divorced8 (4.6)18 (2.4)27 (2.8)
 Widowed3 (1.7)5 (1.0)8 (0.8)
Education
 No university education80 (45.7)307 (40.6)399 (41.4)X2=1.53, df=1 p=0.23
 Some or completed university95 (54.3)449 (59.4)564 (58.6)
Occupation
 Student30 (17.1)356 (47.1)404 (42.0)X2=3.18, df=1 p=0.79
 Part-time employed11 (6.3)23 (3.0)36 (3.7)
 Full-time employed49 (28.0)185 (24.5)239 (24.8)
 Retired10 (5.7)6 (1.0)16 (1.7)
 Stay-at-home housewife75 (42.9)186 (24.6)268 (27.8)
Monthly income
 <5000 Saudi Riyal (<≈US$1330)74 (42.3)158 (20.9)240 (24.9)X2=34.74, df=1 p<0.001
 5000–10 000 (≈US$1331–US$2665)57 (32.6)263 (34.8)330 (34.3)
 >10 000 (≈US$2665)44 (25.1)335 (44.3)393 (40.8)
  • *Statistically significant differences between women with FGM/C and women with no FGM/C were found for age, Saudi nationality versus not, married versus not, income <5000 Saudi Riyal versus >5000. 

  • FGM/C, female genital mutilation/cutting; ns, not statistically significant.