Table 1

Independent variables

Participant-related variables
AgeAge at time of questionnaire completion.
GenderData extracted from RTO-held sources, where consent was provided. Otherwise self-reported by participants as male, female or unspecified.34
Identify as Aboriginal or Torres Strait IslanderDichotomous variable, of no to both, or yes to either Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander.
Rural, regional or urban schooling background prior to university enrolmentParticipants to nominate either rural, regional or metropolitan/urban schooling background.
Relationship status*Dichotomous variable of yes or no to currently living with a spouse or partner.
Spousal employment status*Employment status defined by partner/spouse currently working full-time, currently working part-time, not in the labour force or currently seeking work.
Dependent children*Dichotomous variable of yes or no to having dependent children.
Primary language spoken at homeOutcome of English, or other language, with provision for participant to specify language.
Australian/international medical graduateOutcome of Australian medical graduate, inclusive of New Zealand medical graduates as per RACGP policy,35 or international medical graduate as reported by participant.
Medical postgraduate years completed in an Australian hospital prior to commencing GP term 1*As defined by participant in number of years.
Type of fellowshipFRACGP, and/or, FACRRM, and/or, FARGP.
Year of fellowshipYear of first fellowship.
Training-related variables
Part-time/full-time status during trainingPart-time—average of <31.5 hours per week per training term, not including after-hours care.
Vocational training pathwayDichotomous variable (general/rural) defined as the pathway the participant did the majority (>50%) of their training.
Leave, other than annual leave, taken during trainingDefined as more than a total of 6 weeks leave, apart from annual leave, across training. Leave was also defined specifically as per then current AGPT programme leave policy category 1—legislative leave, that is, parental, sick or carers leave, and/or category 2—additional leave, including additional or personal leave.36
Rural location during trainingBased on practice postcode. Australian Standard Geographical Classification—Remoteness Area31
Socioeconomic status of training locationBased on practice postcode.
SEIFA-IRSD 2016.32
Total number of practices worked in during trainingCount of practices across all training terms inclusive of extended skills if in general practice.
Number of patients seen in terms 1, 2 and 3†Total number of patients seen during the three core GP training terms.
Attendance at workshops/education sessions†Hours attended during GPT1 and GPT2.
Exam performance—fail in any RACGP/ACRRM componentDichotomous variable of passed all exams first time, or failure of any exam.
Extended skills term undertaken in general practiceDichotomous variable of yes or no to completing a non-compulsory fourth term in general practice training.
Performance of home visits, nursing-home visits, after-hours care during training*Dichotomous variable of yes or no to performing HV and/or NHV and/or AHC, during training.
After hours is defined as rostered work apart from either routine weekday or Saturday morning scheduled sessions.
Practice sizeTwo dichotomous variables:
Trained in a small practice yes/no and
Trained in a large practice yes/no
Defined as >13 FTE weeks at a small and >13 FTE weeks at a large practice.
A small practice is defined as employing <5 doctors, while a large practice is defined as employing >12 doctors.
Due to variations in data collected across the three RTOs where head count data are not available, full-time equivalent, FTE, will be used.
Duration of consultations‡Mean number of minutes over the three core training terms.
Frequency of supervisor consulted‡Percentage of consults/problems the supervisor was called in for over the three core training terms.
Frequency of learning goals generated‡Percentage of consults/problems learning goals were generated for over the three core training terms.
  • *Data elicited only via study questionnaire.

  • †Only applies to registrars consenting to use of routine RTO data.

  • ‡Only applies to registrars with ReCEnT data.

  • ACRRM , Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine; AHC, after-hours care; FACRRM, Fellow Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine; FARGP, Fellowship in Advanced Rural General Practice; FRACGP, Fellow Royal Australian College of General Practitioners; FTE, Full Time Equivalent; GP, general practitioner; GPT1, General Practice Term 1; GPT2, General Practice Term 2; HV, home visits; NHV, nursing home visits; RACGP, Royal Australian College of General Practitioners; ReCEnT, Registrar Clinical Encounters during Training; RTO, regional training organisation; SEIFA-IRSD 2016, Socio-economic Indexes for Areas—Index of Relative-Disadvantage 2016.