Table 4

Summary of evidence on WDA’s effective functioning on maternal health services

Author, yearTarget populationStudy designOutcomeResult
Zepre and
Kaba,32 2017
Pregnant womenCross-sectionalBirth preparedness and complication readinessThose who got information from their one-to-five connections are more likely to prepare for birth and its complications (OR 2.52, 95% CI 1.17 to 5.39)
Jackson and Hailemariam,33 2016Pregnant womenQualitativeLinking pregnant women with health facilities for deliveryHEWs can effectively refer more women to give birth in health facilities when the WDA is well functioning
Jackson et al,34 2017Pregnant womenQualitativeDelays in maternal health service useInitiatives to reduce delays can improve access to maternal health services, especially when HEWs are supported by WDTs
Jackson R et al,35 2016Mothers and HEWsQualitativeMaternal health service utilisation and acceptanceWith the support of WDTs, HEWs have increased the rate of skilled birth attendance
Kok et al,36 2015Mothers and HEWsQualitativeRelationship of community with HEWs and the healthcare sectorWDTs supported HEWs in liaising with community members
  • HEW, health extension worker; WDA, women’s development army; WDT, women’s development team.