Table 2

Demographical information and pre-enrolment healthcare utilisation and costs of patients enrolled in the NICE programme (intervention group) and their matched controls (control group)

Intervention n=554Control n=554
Age, mean (SD)76.6 (11.8)77.7 (11.6)
Gender, n (%)
 Female251 (45.3%)275 (49.6%)
 Male303 (54.7%)279 (50.4%)
Race, n (%)
 Chinese394 (71.1%)379 (68.4%)
 Malay90 (16.3%)111 (20%)
 Indian45 (8.1%)50 (90 .%)
 Others25 (4.5%)14 (2.5%)
Housing type, n (%)
 1- or 2-bedroom33 (6.0%)37 (6.7%)
 3-bedroom120 (21.7%)117 (21.1%)
 4-bedroom204 (36.8%)193 (34.8%)
 5-bedroom/executive108 (19.5%)117 (21.1%)
 Private/others89 (16.1%)90 (16.3%)
Comorbidities, n (%)
 Asthma103 (18.6%)93 (16.8%)
 Diabetes319 (57.6%)329 (59.4%)
 Hyperlipidaemia472 (85.2%)473 (85.4%)
 Hypertension463 (83.6%)470 (84.8%)
 Atrial fibrillation137 (24.7%)136 (24.5%)
 Heart failure190 (34.3%)182 (32.9%)
 Stroke186 (33.6%)178 (32.1%)
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease171 (30.9%)169 (30.5%)
 Chronic kidney disease338 (61.0%)351 (63.4%)
 Coronary heart disease287 (51.8%)282 (50.9%)
 Osteoporosis84 (15.2%)80 (14.4%)
 Spine fracture60 (10.8%)62 (11.2%)
 Hip fracture55 (9.9%)59 (10.6%)
Pre-enrolment hospital utilisation frequencies, mean (SD)
 All-cause admissions4.46 (2.43)4.36 (3.49)
 Emergency admissions4.13 (2.26)3.99 (3.34)
 Emergency department attendances4.67 (2.93)4.50 (4.92)
 SOC attendances6.90 (6.53)6.92 (7.96)
 All-cause admissions LOS31.04 (24.85)32.49 (34.30)
Pre-enrolment healthcare utilisation charges ($), mean (SD)
 All-cause admission charges29 199 (29 791)30 420 (34 953)
 Emergency admission charges26 542 (27 120)28 213 (33 595)
 Emergency department attendance charges1690 (1021)1624 (1510)
 SOC attendance charges953 (971)966 (2167)
  • LOS, length of stay; NICE, NUHS RHS Integrated Interventions and Care Extension; SOC, specialist outpatient clinic.