Table 5

Post-enrolment healthcare utilisation and costs, and the mortality rate, as number and percentage (%) of deaths in 1 year post-enrolment for patients enrolled in the NUHS TCP (intervention group) and their matched controls (control group), with adjusted incidence rate ratios (IRRs), mean ratios (MRs) and hazard ratio (HRs), of intervention group to control group, and their corresponding 95% CIs

InterventionControlAdjusted effect size estimate95% CI
Healthcare utilisation frequencies, mean (SD)IRR*
 All-cause admissions1.70 (2.04)1.62 (2.81)1.050.82 to 1.34
 Emergency admissions1.36 (1.74)1.27 (2.49)1.130.87 to 1.48
 Emergency department attendances1.52 (1.90)1.55 (3.36)1.030.77 to 1.37
 SOC attendances6.56 (7.05)6.67 (6.81)0.910.78 to 1.05
 All-cause admissions LOS14.53 (29.85)11.94 (25.12)1.100.76 to 1.61
Healthcare utilisation charges ($), mean (SD)MR†
 All-cause admission charges14 751 (30 312)13 064 (30 921)1.900.86 to 4.23
 Emergency admission charges12 914 (29 074)10 375 (27 165)2.641.15 to 6.06
 Emergency department attendance charges493 (607)499 (990)1.400.78 to 2.51
 SOC attendance charges1009 (1144)774 (1390)4.502.82 to 7.18
HR‡
1 year mortality,
n (%)
67 (24.8%)48 (17.8%)1.410.97 to 2.05
  • *Adjusted for pre-enrolment healthcare utilisation and propensity score.

  • †Adjusted for pre-enrolment healthcare cost, propensity score and survival days (or follow-up time).

  • ‡Adjusted for propensity score.

  • LOS, length of stay; NUHS TCP, National University Health System Transitional Care Programme, SOC, specialist outpatient clinic.