Table 2

Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses of determinants associated with vaginal herb use among Creole and Maroon women, Paramaribo, Suriname, 2009–2010

Use of vaginal herbsUnivariable OR (95% CI)P valueMultivariable-adjusted OR (95% CI)*P value
n/N (%)
Demographic characteristics
 Ethnic groups
  Creole70/278 (25.2)1<0.0011<0.001
  Maroon95/138 (68.8)6.57 (4.18 to 10.30)5.33 (3.26 to 8.71)
 Recruitment site
  Family planning clinic96/284 (33.8)1<0.00110.005
  STI clinic69/132 (52.3)2.15 (1.41 to 3.27)2.04 (1.24 to 3.36)
 Age in years0.0680.067
  <2559/129 (45.7)1.99 (1.15 to 3.42)2.23 (1.17 to 4.27)
  25–2935/93 (37.6)1.42 (0.79 to 2.57)1.78 (0.88 to 3.57)
  30–3440/90 (44.4)1.88 (1.04 to 3.40)2.23 (1.13 to 4.42)
  ≥3531/104 (29.8)11
 Education†<0.0010.002
  Low88/161 (54.7)5.06 (2.38 to 10.79)3.80 (1.68 to 8.57)
  Medium59/188 (31.4)1.92 (0.90 to 4.09)2.02 (0.90 to 4.51)
  High10/52 (19.2)11
Sexual behaviour
 Number partners preceding month‡0.106
  010/27 (37.0)1
  1135/354 (38.1)1.05 (0.47 to 2.36)
  ≥215/25 (60.0)2.55 (0.83 to 7.80)
 Number partners preceding 12 months0.216
  09/19 (47.4)1
  1107/290 (36.9)0.65 (0.26 to 1.65)
  ≥249/107 (45.8)0.94 (0.35 to 2.50)
 Ethnic sexual mixing
  No115/284 (40.5)10.612
  Yes50/132 (37.9)0.90 (0.59 to 1.37)
 Sex in exchange for money or goods§
  No155/396 (39.1)10.191
  Yes7/12 (58.3)2.17 (0.68 to 6.98)
Symptoms
 Any symptoms
  No24/95 (25.3)10.001
  Yes141/321 (43.9)2.32 (1.39 to 3.87)
 Dysuria¶
  No114/306 (37.3)10.104
  Yes49/106 (46.2)1.45 (0.93 to 2.26)
 Dyspareunia (pain during sexual intercourse)**
  No113/297 (38.0)10.287
  Yes47/107 (43.9)1.28 (0.82 to 2.00)
 Change in fluor/vaginal discharge††
  No71/185 (38.4)10.619
  Yes93/228 (40.8)1.11 (0.74 to 1.65)
  Irregular menstruation‡‡
  No102/278 (36.7)10.122
  Yes59/132 (44.7)1.40 (0.92 to 2.13)
 Abdominal pain§§
  No78/222 (35.1)10.026
  Yes83/180 (46.1)1.58 (1.06 to 2.36)
  • *ORs in the multivariable model are adjusted for all factors for which adjusted ORs are shown. In the final model, 401 participants were included.

  • †Fifteen missings.

  • ‡Ten missings.

  • §Eight missings.

  • ¶Four missings.

  • **Twelve missings.

  • ††Three missings.

  • ‡‡Six missings.

  • §§Fourteen missings.

  • STI,  sexually transmitted infections.