Table 5

Median number of problems reported in each distress thermometer problem list domain, by patient group

CharacteristicPractical*,†FamilyEmotionalPhysicalTotal
Stage on ESRD pathwayMedian (IQR)Median (IQR)Median (IQR)Median (IQR)Median (IQR)
 Pre-RRT1 (0 to 1)0 (0 to 1)3 (1 to 4) 8 (4 to 12) 12 (7 to 17)
 Dialysis <2 years1 (0 to 2)0 (0 to 1)3 (2 to 5) 8 (6 to 12) 13 (9 to 17)
 Dialysis 2+ years1 (0 to 1)0 (0 to 1)3 (2 to 5) 9 (6 to 11) 13 (9 to 16)
 Transplant0 (0 to 1)0 (0 to 1)3 (1 to 4) 6 (3 to 10) 10 (5 to 16)
p=0.019 p=0.023
Dialysis type (n=164)
 Hospital/incentre haemodialysis1 (0 to 1)0 (0 to 1)3 (2 to 5)8 (5 to 11)13 (8 to 16)
 Home haemodialysis1 (0 to 2)0 (0 to 1)4 (2 to 5)10 (8 to 13)16 (11 to 19)
 Peritoneal dialysis0 (0 to 1)0 (0 to 1)3 (2 to 4)8 (6 to 11)12 (9 to 16)
Age group 4
 Less than 50 years  1 (0 to 2) 0 (0 to 1) 3 (2 to 5) 7 (4 to 11) 13 (8 to 17)
 50–69 years 1 (0 to 2) 0 (0 to 1) 3 (2 to 5) 8 (5 to 11) 12 (8 to 18)
 70 years and above 0 (0 to 1) 0 (0 to 0) 3 (1 to 4) 7 (4 to 10) 11 (7 to 15)
P<0.0001 P=0.001 P=0.038 P=0.033
Sex
 Male1 (0 to 1)0 (0 to 1)3 (2 to 4) 7 (4 to 10) 12 (7 to 16)
 Female0 (0 to 1)0 (0 to 1)3 (2 to 5) 8 (5 to 12) 12 (8 to 17)
P=0.043
Ethnicity
 White0 (0 to 1)0 (0 to 1)3 (2 to 4)8 (5 to 11)12 (7 to 16)
 Black and minority ethnic0 (0 to 2)0 (0 to 1)4 (1 to 5)7 (4 to 10)11 (7 to 17)
 All respondents (n=346)0 (0 to 1)0 (0 to 1)3 (2 to 5)8 (5 to 11)12 (7 to 16)
  • *Bold text denotes a statistically significant difference between groups (Mann–Whitney test for characteristics with two subgroups; Kruskall–Wallis test for characteristics with three or more subgroups); 

  • †Spiritual domain excluded from analysis.

  • ESRD, end-stage renal disease; RRT, renal replacement therapy.