Table 3

Perceived need for help with distress by subgroup with mild-to-moderate distress (n=346)

CharacteristicMedian ‘need’ score (IQR)Patients scoring 4 or more on need thermometer (%)Comparison of proportions (mild-to-moderate distress patients)*
 All respondents3 (1 to 5)141 (40.8)
Study site
 Site 11 (0 to 4)55 (29.4) χ2=9.49; p=0.02
 Site 21 (0 to 3)38 (21.5)
 Site 31 (0 to 3)74 (22.9)
 Site 40 (0 to 3)71 (20.1)
Stage on ESRD pathway
 Pre-RRT2 (0 to 4)22 (34.9) χ2=27.71; p<0.0001
 Dialysis <2 years3 (2 to 6)35 (66.0)
 Dialysis 2+ years4 (2 to 6)59 (55.7)
 Transplant2 (0 to 4)35 (29.9)
Dialysis type (n=454)
 Hospital/in-centre haemodialysis4 (2 to 6)70 (56.0)χ2=5.44; p=0.07
 Home haemodialysis4 (2 to 8)7 (53.8)
 Peritoneal dialysis3 (0 to 5)6 (28.6)
Age group
 Less than 50 years3 (2 to 5)35 (44.9)χ2=0.85; p=0.654
 50–69 years3 (1 to 5)55 (39.0)
 70 years and above3 (1 to 5)48 (41.4)
Sex
 Male3 (1 to 5)73 (39.2)χ2=0.54; p=0.462
 Female3 (1 to 5)67 (43.8)
Ethnicity
 White3 (1 to 5)106 (37.9) χ2=7.06; p=0.008
 Black and minority ethnic5 (2 to 7)34 (57.6)
  • *Bold text indicates a statistically significant difference between groups.

  • ESRD, end-stage renal disease; RRT, renal replacement therapy.