Table 1

Attributable burden of chronic kidney disease (ABD) associated with PM2.5 exposure globally and for the top 10 most populous countries

CountryPM2.5 (μ g/m3)ABD (in 1000s)ABD (per 100 000)Age-standardised ABD (per 100 000)
Global 42.276950.51
(5061.53–8914.74)
94.29
(68.67–120.94)
101.39
(74.49–129.69)
China 57.2766.73
(558.72–985.14)
55.42
(40.39–71.21)
48.98
(35.52–63.01)
India 72.61092.52
(791.38–1407.28)
83.30
(60.34–107.29)
108.21
(77.99–139.22)
US 8.3163.49
(88.76–262.78)
50.53
(27.44–81.22)
35.44
(19.39–57.44)
Indonesia 15.076.81
(53.66–103.42)
29.81
(20.83–40.15)
37.38
(26.05–50.06)
Brazil 11.169.03
(45.11–99.44)
33.21
(21.70–47.84)
36.57
(23.68–52.72)
Pakistan 63.0107.43
(78.85–137.04)
56.83
(41.71–72.49)
89.17
(64.66–114.14)
Nigeria 36.9195.23
(141.44–250.95)
106.98
(77.51–137.52)
200.28
(145.24–261.20)
Bangladesh 87.0136.17
(99.56–174.46)
84.60
(61.86–108.39)
121.08
(88.55–156.18)
Russia 15.8170.89
(118.90–229.76)
115.38
(80.27–155.12)
82.87
(57.99–111.67)
Japan 13.1134.56
(91.13–186.81)
104.88
(71.03–145.60)
44.79
(30.61–61.70)
  • PM2.5, fine particulate matter <2.5 µm.