Table 2

Criminal justice contact and preventable healthcare utilisation within 12 months

TCN (n=94)
n (%) or mean
Controls (n=94)
n (%) or mean
Mean or percentage difference (95% CI)
Incarceration
  Any arrest22 (23.4)14 (14.9)8.5 (−2.8 to 19.6)
  New conviction3 (3.2)8 (8.5)−5.3 (−13.0 to 1.8)
  Parole/Probation violations16 (17.0)31 (33.0)−16 (−27.6 to −3.6) *
Days incarcerated
(among those who are reincarcerated)
101.1187.4−86.3 (−136.3 to −36.4) ***
Preventable hospitalisation
  Any inpatient care12 (12.8)6 (6.4)6.4 (−2.3 to 15.3)
  Inpatient days (among those who are hospitalised)12.324.7−12.4 (−49.9 to 23.1)
  Inpatient episodes2.94.3−1.4 (−8.0 to 5.2)
Preventable ED visits
  Any ED use20 (21.3)19 (20.2)1.1 (−10.5 to 12.7)
  Number of ED visits1.92.2−0.3 (−1.8 to 1.2)
  • Boldface indicates statistical significance (*p≤0.05, ***p≤0.0001).

  • ED, emergency department; TCN, Transitions Clinic Network.