Table 2

Hierarchical model used to study wage difference between Brazilian male and female physicians, including estimations (ß), SE and residual deviance among different proposed models

EmptyModel 1Model 2Model 3Model 4Model 5Full model
ßßSEßSEßSEßSEßSEßSE
Gender
Women
 ≤US$38571.0001.0001.0001.0001.0001.000
 US$3857–5381−0.1310.127−0.2070.132−0.2650.135−0.2700.135−0.2560.137−0.2770.137
 US$5381–7175−0.6300.131−0.7360.137−0.7520.141−0.7640.142−0.7440.144−0.7700.144
 US$7175–8969−1.1890.153−1.2530.161−1.2630.166−1.2740.166−1.2480.169−1.2350.170
 US$8969–10 762−1.3520.193−1.5110.201−1.4700.205−1.4810.206−1.4460.209−1.4360.210
 ≥US$10 762−2.1970.186−2.3530.195−2.2680.199−2.2820.199−2.2420.202−2.1620.204
Weekly workload (hours)
20–40
 ≤US$38571.0001.0001.0001.0001.000
 US$3857–53810.8560.2230.8590.2830.8810.2830.8830.2830.8890.284
 US$5381–71751.0310.3331.1010.3431.1170.3441.1270.3441.1330.346
 US$7175–89691.0620.4591.0720.4491.0960.4491.1190.4501.1340.453
 US$8969–10 7620.8230.4880.8330.5280.8620.5280.8930.5290.8930.534
 ≥US$10 7621.0170.4301.0230.4331.0640.4331.1220.4371.1230.443
40–60
 ≤US$38571.0001.0001.0001.000
 US$3857–53811.7140.2841.8160.2881.7450.2891.7510.290
 US$5381–71752.3550.3402.3980.3442.3060.3452.3180.347
 US$7175–89692.8190.4342.9010.4382.7900.4392.8190.442
 US$8969–10 7622.1580.5092.2610.5132.1100.5142.1120.519
 ≥US$10 7622.6530.4192.8170.4232.6700.4272.6540.434
>60
 ≤US$38571.0001.0001.0001.000
 US$3857–53811.4670.3051.6180.3141.5050.3161.5240.319
 US$5381–71752.5770.3572.5570.3662.4030.3672.4380.371
 US$7175–89693.3480.4493.4120.4583.2100.4603.2260.464
 US$8969–10 7623.0560.5203.1730.5302.8940.5322.8900.540
 ≥US$10 7623.5690.4333.8220.4433.5220.4483.4570.456
NOWOC (per week)
≤2
 ≤US$38571.0001.0001.000
 US$3587–5381−0.3530.161−0.2550.157−0.2470.165
 US$5381–7175−0.2100.170−0.0690.166−0.0660.176
 US$7175–8969−0.3260.192−0.1320.196−0.1270.198
 US$8969–10 762−0.3940.229−0.1160.244−0.1210.236
 ≥US$10 762−0.6550.200−0.3290.221−0.3550.208
>2
 ≤US$38571.0001.0001.000
 US$3587–53810.2220.222−0.1290.223−0.1180.227
 US$5381–71750.2180.2180.6640.2250.6710.224
 US$7175–89690.2490.2490.5110.2500.5120.257
 US$8969–10 7620.2950.2950.4730.2890.4720.307
 ≥US$10 7620.2680.2680.2120.2470.1950.280
Time in practice (years)
10–30
 ≤US$38571.0001.0001.000
 US$3587–53810.9780.1670.9130.1710.9150.173
 US$5381–71751.6170.1781.5090.1821.5340.184
 US$7175–89692.0100.2091.8530.2131.9010.216
 US$8969–10 7622.2550.2482.0120.2522.0080.256
 ≥US$10 7622.5640.2282.2760.2322.2340.236
>30
 ≤US$38571.0001.0001.000
 US$3587–53810.4880.1870.3990.1880.4030.192
 US$5381–71751.1920.2011.0510.2011.0540.205
 US$7175–89691.8310.2311.6250.2321.6490.237
 US$8969–10 7621.5190.2921.1940.2931.2020.301
 ≥US$10 7622.1820.2511.7990.2531.8280.260
Physician office work
Own PhO
 ≤US$38571.0001.000
 US$3587–53810.4320.1990.4250.165
 US$5381–71750.6360.2130.6640.172
 US$7175–89690.8810.2280.8640.196
 US$8969–10 7621.2970.2781.2800.238
 ≥US$10 7621.5500.2401.4690.212
Work PhO
 ≤US$38571.0001.000
 US$3587–53810.2320.1610.2250.176
 US$5381–71750.2820.1710.3020.187
 US$7175–89690.3740.1930.3580.219
 US$8969–10 7620.4480.2300.4340.279
 ≥US$10 7620.6060.2020.5460.247
Specialty types
IM-based
 ≤US$38571.000
 US$3587–53810.0270.158
 US$5381–7175−0.0320.167
 US$7175–8969−0.2990.197
 US$8969–10 7620.0290.246
 ≥US$10 7620.0250.224
Surgery-based
 ≤US$38571.000
 US$3587–5381−0.2250.224
 US$5381–7175−0.2820.227
 US$7175–8969−0.3260.253
 US$8969–10 7620.0730.292
 ≥US$10 7620.6250.251
Surgery-based and IM-based
 ≤US$38571.000
 US$3587–53810.1180.201
 US$5381–7175−0.1850.216
 US$7175–89690.0720.232
 US$8969–10 7620.1300.283
 ≥US$10 7620.5460.246
Residual deviance8.006497.772377.576417.309487.279337.204377.16805
ANOVA p value<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.0010.001
  • ANOVA, analysis of variance; IM, internal medicine; NOWOC, number of weekly on-call shifts; PhO, physician office.