Table 2

Frequency of mentions of problem definitions, drivers, and categories of solutions

ThemeTotal (n=757)Inter-rater agreement*
n (%)
Problem definitions
 Quantifies obesity prevalence within the UK413 (54.6)0.834
 Quantifies obesity prevalence elsewhere80 (10.6)0.814
 Mentions increase in obesity rates389 (51.4)0.940
 Mentions obesity as a risk to health397 (52.4)0.893
 Mentions obesity as a cosmetic problem23 (3.0)0.850
 Mentions obesity as a burden to NHS102 (13.5)0.814
 Mentions obesity as an economic burden to society32 (4.2)0.630
 Mentions socioeconomic and geographical differences74 (9.8)0.706
 Mentions women and/or girls112 (14.8)0.706
 Mentions men and/or boys56 (7.4)0.706
 Obesity is not a problem, overhyped93 (12.3)0.850
 Mentions discrimination, bullying or stigmatisation70 (9.2)1.000
Drivers of obesity
Overall drivers
  Any drivers mentioned522 (69.0)N/A†
  Any biological/genetic driver mentioned70 (9.2)N/A
  Any individual driver mentioned453 (59.8)N/A
  Any societal driver mentioned214 (28.3)N/A
Individual drivers
  Mentions poor diet, overeating235 (31.0)0.857
  Mentions poor self-control, willpower or choices60 (7.9)0.680
  Mentions insufficient exercise, sedentary lifestyle224 (29.6)0.919
  Mentions parenting shortcomings246 (32.5)0.939
Societal drivers
  Mentions an abundance of processed/fast food129 (17.0)0.752
  Mentions a lack of health services or facilities53 (7.0)0.945
  Mentions food/drink advertising and promotions90 (11.9)1.000
Solutions to obesity
 Any solution mentioned538 (71.1)N/A
 Individual solution mentioned276 (36.5)0.920
 Societal solution mentioned214 (28.3)0.839
 Biological solution mentioned52 (6.9)1.000
  • *Cohen’s kappa test of inter-rater agreement.

  • †Agreement was not calculated for these variables as they were computed from other, manually coded variables.

  • N/A, not applicable; NHS, National Health Service.