Table 2

Search terms and strategy used for the electronic databases included in our systematic review

DatabaseSearch Strategy
The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) #1 (Proprioception OR Mechanoreceptors OR kinesthesis OR kinesthesia)
#2 MeSH descriptor: [Proprioception] explode all trees
#3MeSH descriptor: [Mechanoreceptors] explode all trees
#4MeSH descriptor: [Kinesthesis] explode all trees
#5(#1 OR #2 OR #3 OR #4)
#6(Knee OR "lower extremity OR "Anterior Cruciate Ligament")
#7MeSH descriptor: [Knee Joint] explode all trees
#8MeSH descriptor: [Lower Extremity] explode all trees
#9MeSH descriptor: [Anterior Cruciate Ligament] explode all trees
#10(#6 OR #7 OR #8 OR #9)
#11("outcome measure*" OR "Joint position sense" OR "active joint position detection" OR "passive joint position detection" OR "threshold to detect passive motion" OR "passive motion direction discrimination" OR "passive motion detection threshold" OR "threshold for motion detection" OR "threshold hunting" OR "psychophysical threshold hunting" OR "detection threshold" OR "discrimination threshold" OR "ipsilateral matching" OR "contralateral matching" OR "joint angle error" OR "distance estimation error" OR "passive recognition" OR "direction accuracy" OR "active reproduction" OR "active movement extent discrimination")
#12MeSH descriptor: [Patient Outcome Assessment] explode all trees
#13MeSH descriptor: [Treatment Outcome] explode all trees
#14MeSH descriptor: [Outcome Assessment (Health Care)] explode all trees
#15(#11 OR #12 OR #13 OR #14)
#16(Psychometrics OR "discriminant analysis" OR "observer variation" OR "reproducibility of results" OR Psychometr* OR clinimetr* OR valid* OR "content validity" OR "construct validity" OR "structural validity" OR "hypothesis testing" OR "concurrent validity" OR "discriminative validity" OR "criterion validity" OR "predictive validity" OR "discriminant analysis" OR "convergent validity" OR sensitiv* OR specific* OR consistency OR precision OR accuracy OR reliab* OR absolute OR relative OR reproducib* OR repeatab* OR intrarater OR interrater OR intratester OR intertester OR interobserver OR intraobserver OR interexaminer OR intraexaminer OR interindividual OR intraindividual OR "test-retest" OR "observer variation" OR coefficient OR correlation* OR agreement OR error OR "measurement error" OR "standard error of measurement" OR "smallest real difference" OR "minimal detectable change" OR "minimal important difference" OR "clinically important difference" OR "meaningful change" OR "coefficient of variation" OR responsiv* OR generali* OR interpretab*)
#17MeSH descriptor: [Psychometrics] explode all trees
#18MeSH descriptor: [Discriminant Analysis] explode all trees
#19MeSH descriptor: [Reproducibility of Results] explode all trees
#20(#16 OR #17 OR #18 OR #19)
#21(animals OR "Pilot studies" OR reviews OR "case series" OR "case reports" OR editorial OR "letter to the editor" OR news OR "patient education handout" OR "consensus statement" OR "clinical practice guideline"):ti,ab,kw
#22(#5 AND #10 AND #15 AND #20) NOT #21
EBSCO Host (databases included: the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature [CINAHL], the Allied and Complementary Medicine [AMED] and
SPORTDiscus)
TX (proprioception OR kinesthes*) AND TX (knee OR "anterior cruciate ligament") AND TX ("patient outcome assessment" OR "treatment outcome" OR "outcome assessment" OR "outcome measure*" OR "joint position sense" OR "active joint position sense" OR "active joint position detection" OR "passive joint position sense" OR "passive joint position detection" OR "threshold to detect passive motion" OR "passive motion direction discrimination" OR "passive motion detection threshold" OR "threshold for motion detection" OR "threshold hunting" OR "psychophysical threshold hunting" OR "detection threshold" OR "discrimination threshold" OR "ipsilateral matching" OR "contralateral matching" OR "joint angle error" OR "distance estimation error" OR "passive recognition"" OR "direction accuracy" OR "active reproduction" OR "active movement extent discrimination" OR "force sense" OR "force perception" OR "velocity sense") AND TX ("discriminant analysis" OR "observer variation" OR "reproducibility of results" OR Psychometr* OR clinimetr* OR valid* OR "construct validity" OR "structural validity" OR "hypothesis testing" OR "concurrent validity"" OR "discriminative validity" OR "criterion validity" OR "predictive validity" OR "discriminant analysis" OR "convergent validity" OR sensitiv* OR specific* OR consistency OR precision OR accuracy OR reliab* OR reproducib* OR repeatab* OR intrarater OR interrater OR intratester OR intertester OR interobserver OR intraobserver OR interexaminer OR intraexaminer OR interindividual OR intraindividual OR "test-retest" OR "observer variation" OR correlation* OR agreement OR "measurement error" OR "standard error of measurement" OR "smallest real difference" OR "minimal detectable change" OR "minimal important difference" OR "clinically important difference" OR "meaningful change" OR "coefficient of variation" OR responsiv* OR "force sense" OR "force perception" OR "velocity sense") NOT TX (animal* OR "Pilot stud*" OR review OR "case series" OR "case report*" OR comment* OR editorial OR "letter to the editor" OR news OR "patient education handout" OR "consensus statement" OR "clinical practice guideline") Abstract Available; Document Type: Journal Article; Language: English; English Language; Research Article; Exclude MEDLINE records; Human; Language: English; Publication Type: Academic Journal AND Apply related words; Also search within the full text of the articles
Physical Education Index (via ProQuest)((((((((proprioception OR kinesthes*) AND (knee OR "anterior cruciate ligament") AND ("patient outcome assessment" OR "treatment outcome" OR "outcome assessment" OR "outcome measure*" OR "joint position sense" OR "active joint position sense" OR "active joint position detection" OR "passive joint position sense" OR "passive joint position detection" OR "threshold to detect passive motion" OR "passive motion direction discrimination" OR "passive motion detection threshold" OR "threshold for motion detection" OR "threshold hunting" OR "psychophysical threshold hunting" OR "detection threshold" OR "discrimination threshold" OR "ipsilateral matching" OR "contralateral matching" OR "joint angle error" OR "distance estimation error" OR "passive recognition" OR "direction accuracy" OR "active reproduction" OR "active movement extent discrimination" OR "force sense" OR "force perception" OR "velocity sense") AND ("discriminant analysis" OR "observer variation" OR "reproducibility of results" OR Psychometr* OR clinimetr* OR valid* OR "construct validity" OR "structural validity" OR "hypothesis testing" OR "concurrent validity" OR "discriminative validity" OR "criterion validity" OR "predictive validity" OR "discriminant analysis" OR "convergent validity" OR sensitiv* OR specific* OR consistency OR precision OR accuracy OR reliab* OR reproducib* OR repeatab* OR intrarater OR interrater OR intratester OR intertester OR interobserver OR intraobserver OR interexaminer OR intraexaminer OR interindividual OR intraindividual OR "test-retest" OR "observer variation" OR correlation* OR agreement OR "measurement error" OR "standard error of measurement" OR "smallest real difference" OR "minimal detectable change" OR "minimal important difference" OR "clinically important difference" OR "meaningful change" OR "coefficient of variation" OR responsiv* OR "force sense" OR "force perception" OR "velocity sense") NOT (animal* OR "Pilot stud*" OR review* OR "case series" OR "case report*" OR comment* OR editorial OR "letter to the editor" OR news OR "patient education handout" OR "consensus statement" OR "clinical practice guideline")) AND stype.exact("Scholarly Journals")) AND la.exact("English")) AND stype.exact("Scholarly Journals")) AND la.exact("English")) AND stype.exact("Scholarly Journals")) AND la.exact("English")) AND PEER(yes)
PubMed (((((Proprioception[MeSH terms] OR Mechanoreceptors[MeSH terms] OR sensory thresholds[MeSH terms] OR kinesthesis[MeSH terms] OR Proprioception[Text Word] OR Mechanoreceptors[Text Word] OR sensory thresholds[Text Word] OR kinesthesis[Text Word] OR kinesthesia[Text Word])) AND ("Knee joint"[MeSH terms] OR "lower extremity"[MeSH terms] OR "Athletic injuries"[MeSH terms] OR sports[MeSH terms] OR "joint instability"[MeSH terms] OR "leg injuries"[MeSH terms] OR "Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries"[MeSH terms] OR "Joint Instability"[MeSH terms] OR Rupture[MeSH terms] OR "Knee joint"[Text Word] OR "lower extremity"[Text Word] OR "Athletic injuries"[Text Word] OR sports[Text Word] OR "joint instability"[Text Word] OR "leg injuries"[Text Word] OR "Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries"[Text Word] OR "Joint Instability"[Text Word] OR Rupture[Text Word] OR injur*[Text Word] OR Tear[Text Word] OR surger*[Text Word] OR "Anterior Cruciate Ligament"[Text Word] OR Reconstruction[Text Word])) AND ("patient outcome assessment"[MeSH terms] OR "treatment outcome"[MeSH terms] OR "outcome assessment health care"[MeSH terms] OR "patient outcome assessment"[Text Word] OR "treatment outcome"[Text Word] OR "outcome assessment"[Text Word] OR "outcome measure*"[Text Word] OR "Joint position sense"[Text Word] OR "active joint position sense"[Text Word] OR "active joint position detection"[Text Word] OR "passive joint position sense"[Text Word] OR "passive joint position detection"[Text Word] OR "threshold to detect passive motion"[Text Word] OR "passive motion direction discrimination"[Text Word] OR "passive motion detection threshold"[Text Word] OR "threshold for motion detection"[Text Word] OR "threshold hunting"[Text Word] OR "psychophysical threshold hunting"[Text Word] OR "detection threshold"[Text Word] OR "discrimination threshold"[Text Word] OR "ipsilateral matching"[Text Word] OR "contralateral matching"[Text Word] OR "joint angle error"[Text Word] OR "distance estimation error"[Text Word] OR "passive recognition"[Text Word] OR "direction accuracy"[Text Word] OR "active reproduction"[Text Word] OR "active movement extent discrimination"[Text Word])) AND (Psychometrics[MeSH terms] OR "discriminant analysis"[MeSH terms] OR "observer variation"[MeSH terms] OR "reproducibility of results"[MeSH terms] OR Psychometrics[Text Word] OR "discriminant analysis"[Text Word] OR "observer variation"[Text Word] OR "reproducibility of results"[Text Word] OR Psychometr*[Text Word] OR clinimetr*[Text Word] OR valid*[Text Word] OR "content validity"[Text Word] OR "construct validity"[Text Word] OR "structural validity"[Text Word] OR "hypothesis testing"[Text Word] OR "concurrent validity"[Text Word] OR "discriminative validity"[Text Word] OR "criterion validity"[Text Word] OR "predictive validity"[Text Word] OR "discriminant analysis"[Text Word] OR "convergent validity"[Text Word] OR sensitiv*[Text Word] OR specific*[Text Word] OR consistency[Text Word] OR precision[Text Word] OR accuracy[Text Word] OR reliab*[Text Word] OR absolute[Text Word] OR relative[Text Word] OR reproducib*[Text Word] OR repeatab*[Text Word] OR intrarater[Text Word] OR interrater[Text Word] OR intratester[Text Word] OR intertester[Text Word] OR interobserver[Text Word] OR intraobserver[Text Word] OR interexaminer[Text Word] OR intraexaminer[Text Word] OR interindividual[Text Word] OR intraindividual[Text Word] OR "test-retest"[Text Word] OR "observer variation"[Text Word] OR coefficient[Text Word] OR correlation*[Text Word] OR agreement[Text Word] OR error[Text Word] OR "measurement error"[Text Word] OR "standard error of measurement"[Text Word] OR "smallest real difference"[Text Word] OR "minimal detectable change"[Text Word] OR "minimal important difference"[Text Word] OR "clinically important difference"[Text Word] OR "meaningful change"[Text Word] OR "coefficient of variation"[Text Word] OR responsiv*[Text Word] OR generali*[Text Word] OR interpretab*[Text Word])) NOT (animals[MeSH terms] OR animals[Text Word] OR "Pilot studies"[Text Word] OR reviews[Text Word] OR "case series"[Text Word] OR "case reports"[Text Word] OR comment[Text Word] OR commentary[Text Word] OR editorial[Text Word] OR "letter to the editor"[Text Word] OR news[Text Word] OR "patient education handout"[Text Word] OR "consensus statement"[Text Word] OR "clinical practice guideline"[Text Word])
Scopus proprioception OR kinesthes* AND knee OR "anterior cruciate ligament" AND "patient outcome assessment" OR "treatment outcome" OR "outcome assessment" OR "outcome measure*" OR "joint position sense" OR "active joint position sense" OR "active joint position detection" OR "passive joint position sense" OR "passive joint position detection" OR "threshold to detect passive motion" OR "passive motion direction discrimination" OR "passive motion detection threshold" OR "threshold for motion detection" OR "threshold hunting" OR "psychophysical threshold hunting" OR "detection threshold" OR "discrimination threshold" OR "ipsilateral matching" OR "contralateral matching" OR "joint angle error" OR "distance estimation error" OR "passive recognition" OR "direction accuracy" OR "active reproduction" OR "active movement extent discrimination" OR "force sense" OR "force perception" OR "velocity sense" AND "discriminant analysis" OR "observer variation" OR "reproducibility of results" OR Psychometr* OR clinimetr* OR valid* OR "construct validity" OR "structural validity" OR "hypothesis testing" OR "concurrent validity" OR "discriminative validity" OR "criterion validity" OR "predictive validity" OR "discriminant analysis" OR "convergent validity" OR sensitiv* OR specific* OR consistency OR precision OR accuracy OR reliab* OR reproducib* OR repeatab* OR intrarater OR interrater OR intratester OR intertester OR interobserver OR intraobserver OR interexaminer OR intraexaminer OR interindividual OR intraindividual OR "test-retest" OR "observer variation" OR correlation* OR agreement OR "measurement error" OR "standard error of measurement" OR "smallest real difference" OR "minimal detectable change" OR "minimal important difference" OR "clinically important difference" OR "meaningful change" OR "coefficient of variation" OR responsiv* OR "force sense" OR "force perception" OR "velocity sense" AND NOT animals AND "Pilot studies" AND reviews AND "case series" AND "case reports" AND comment AND commentary AND editorial AND "letter to the editor" AND news AND "patient education handout" AND "consensus statement" AND "clinical practice guideline" AND (LIMIT-TO (DOCTYPE,"ar")) AND (LIMIT-TO (LANGUAGE,"English")) AND (EXCLUDE (SUBJAREA,"BIOC") OR EXCLUDE (SUBJAREA,"AGRI") OR EXCLUDE (SUBJAREA,"IMMU") OR EXCLUDE (SUBJAREA,"SOCI") OR EXCLUDE (SUBJAREA,"PHAR") OR EXCLUDE (SUBJAREA,"MATE") OR EXCLUDE (SUBJAREA,"CENG") OR EXCLUDE (SUBJAREA,"COMP") OR EXCLUDE (SUBJAREA,"ENVI") OR EXCLUDE (SUBJAREA,"ARTS") OR EXCLUDE (SUBJAREA,"VETE") OR EXCLUDE (SUBJAREA,"MATH") OR EXCLUDE (SUBJAREA,"PHYS") OR EXCLUDE (SUBJAREA,"BUSI") OR EXCLUDE (SUBJAREA,"CHEM") OR EXCLUDE (SUBJAREA,"DENT") OR EXCLUDE (SUBJAREA,"EART"))
Web of Science (Databases included: Web of Science Core CollectionKorean Journal Database [KCI], Russian Science Citation Index and SciELO Citation Index)#1 TS=(proprioception OR kinesthes*)
#2 TS=(knee OR "anterior cruciate ligament")
#3 TS=("patient outcome assessment" OR "treatment outcome" OR "outcome assessment" OR "outcome measure*" OR "joint position sense" OR "active joint position sense" OR "active joint position detection" OR "passive joint position sense" OR "passive joint position detection" OR "threshold to detect passive motion" OR "passive motion direction discrimination" OR "passive motion detection threshold" OR "threshold for motion detection" OR "threshold hunting" OR "psychophysical threshold hunting" OR "detection threshold" OR "discrimination threshold" OR "ipsilateral matching" OR "contralateral matching" OR "joint angle error" OR "distance estimation error" OR "passive recognition" OR "direction accuracy" OR "active reproduction" OR "active movement extent discrimination" OR "force sense" OR "force perception" OR "velocity sense")
#4 TS=("discriminant analysis" OR "observer variation" OR "reproducibility of results" OR Psychometr* OR clinimetr* OR valid* OR "construct validity" OR "structural validity" OR "hypothesis testing" OR "concurrent validity" OR "discriminative validity" OR "criterion validity" OR "predictive validity" OR "discriminant analysis" OR "convergent validity" OR sensitiv* OR specific* OR consistency OR precision OR accuracy OR reliab* OR reproducib* OR repeatab* OR intrarater OR interrater OR intratester OR intertester OR interobserver OR intraobserver OR interexaminer OR intraexaminer OR interindividual OR intraindividual OR "test-retest" OR "observer variation" OR correlation* OR agreement OR "measurement error" OR "standard error of measurement" OR "smallest real difference" OR "minimal detectable change" OR "minimal important difference" OR "clinically important difference" OR "meaningful change" OR "coefficient of variation" OR responsiv* OR "force sense" OR "force perception" OR "velocity sense")
#5 TS=(animals AND "Pilot studies" AND reviews AND "case series" AND "case reports" AND comment AND commentary AND editorial AND "letter to the editor" AND news AND "patient education handout" AND "consensus statement" AND "clinical practice guideline")
#6 combined with AND = #1, #2, #3, #4
#7 = #6 NOT #5
Timespan=All years; Search language=English.