Table 3

Frequency of oral antibiotic prescriptions by antibiotic groups and diagnoses

DiagnosesAll visitsVisits with any antibiotic prescription and prescription rate (%)Number (%) of visits with antibiotic prescriptions by antibiotic groups*
PenicillinsFirst/second cephemThird cephemMacrolidesQuinolonesSTTetracyclinesOther antibiotics
Miscellaneous bacterial infections45 06120 429 (45.3)2969 (11.5)468 (1.8)7404 (28.7)7868 (30.5)5731 (22.2)181 (0.7)444 (1.7)728 (2.8)
STD14 0513931 (28.0)86 (1.9)76 (1.7)836 (18.9)1515 (34.2)496 (11.2)14 (0.3)147 (3.3)1260 (28.4)
Bacterial pneumonia47 03521 473 (45.7)916 (3.4)121 (0.5)5044 (18.9)8568 (32.2)11 236 (42.2)191 (0.7)238 (0.9)316 (1.2)
Abdominal infection92082077 (22.6)69 (3.2)29 (1.3)680 (31.1)142 (6.5)1086 (49.7)≤10≤10177 (8.1)
Orthopaedic infection1749380 (21.7)36 (8.2)22 (5.0)225 (51.4)21 (4.8)93 (21.2)≤1019 (4.3)22 (5.0)
Urinary tract infections97 94837 674 (38.5)1195 (2.9)567 (1.4)14 735 (36.0)1998 (4.9)20 229 (49.5)429 (1.0)521 (1.3)1232 (3.0)
PID11 6211763 (15.2)84 (4.6)26 (1.4)1127 (61.2)164 (8.9)167 (9.1)≤10≤10273 (14.8)
GI infections1 37 66141 309 (30.0)2121 (4.6)264 (0.6)12 060 (26.0)8603 (18.6)13 206 (28.5)196 (0.4)232 (0.5)9680 (20.9)
Skin infections62 20223 572 (37.9)1167 (4.6)1337 (5.3)15 311 (60.6)1975 (7.8)2848 (11.3)25 (0.1)997 (3.9)1615 (6.4)
Suppurative otitis media16 0599958 (62.0)1566 (11.8)18 (0.1)5213 (39.1)1972 (14.8)3654 (27.4)≤1092 (0.7)812 (6.1)
Pharyngitis1 46 50878 469 (53.6)4372 (5.1)450 (0.5)35 958 (41.8)27 454 (31.9)16 387 (19.1)121 (0.1)301 (0.3)976 (1.1)
Sinusitis80 07845 456 (56.8)3654 (6.9)481 (0.9)15 282 (28.8)20 677 (39.0)11 441 (21.6)≤10779 (1.5)766 (1.4)
Bronchitis with COPD68324313 (63.1)208 (4.1)14 (0.3)912 (17.8)2178 (42.5)1762 (34.3)28 (0.5)11 (0.2)17 (0.3)
Acne69392030 (29.3)≤1032 (1.5)174 (8.3)739 (35.2)41 (2.0)≤101050 (50.0)62 (3.0)
Non-bacterial GI infections1215116 (9.5)≤10≤1042 (33.1)38 (29.9)33 (26.0)≤10≤1014 (11.0)
Non-suppurative otitis media2807888 (31.6)63 (5.8)≤10384 (35.5)481 (44.5)128 (11.8)≤10≤1026 (2.4)
Viral URI2 74 44196 989 (35.3)4839 (4.6)825 (0.8)44 475 (42.1)37 001 (35.0)16 941 (16.0)160 (0.2)790 (0.7)601 (0.6)
Influenza22 8688665 (37.9)296 (3.1)74 (0.8)3030 (31.9)3934 (41.5)2040 (21.5)≤1047 (0.5)69 (0.7)
Viral pneumonia15≤10≤10≤10≤10≤10≤10≤10≤10≤10
Bronchitis without COPD89 47947 248 (52.8)1509 (3.0)332 (0.7)14 521 (28.5)22 779 (44.8)11 078 (21.8)58 (0.1)250 (0.5)346 (0.7)
Non-infectious diarrhoea159750 (3.1)≤10≤10≤1019 (55.9)15 (44.1)≤10≤10≤10
Fever2908438 (15.1)20 (4.3)≤10190 (40.5)103 (22.0)156 (33.3)≤10≤10≤10
  • *Antibiotics were coded according to ATC codes: Penicillins, J01C; First-generation cephalosporins, J01DB; Second-generation cephalosporins, J01DC; Third-generation cephalosporins, J01DD; Macrolides, J01FA; Quinolones, J01M; Sulfonamides and trimethoprim, J01E; Tetracyclines, J01A; Other antibiotics, J01B, J01DH, J01DI, J01FF, J01G and J01X.

  • ATC, Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical; COPD,  chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ; First/second cephem, first/second-generation cephalosporins; GI infections, gastrointestinal infections; PID, pelvic inflammatory diseases; Skin infections, Skin, cutaneous and mucosal infections;  ST, sulfonamides and trimethoprim; STD, sexual transmitted diseases; third cephem, third-generation cephalosporins;  URI, upper respiratory infections.