Table 2

Frequency of oral antibiotic prescriptions by facility scale and antibiotic group*

Antibiotic groups coded by ATC classification†Number (%) of visits with antibiotic prescription
Free-standing clinicSmall-scale hospital
(<200 beds)-based clinic
Medium-scale hospital (200–499 beds)-based clinicLarge-scale hospital
(≥500 beds)-based clinic
All facilities
Penicillins25 225 (4.8)3453 (4.4)2968 (6.6)565 (3.9)32 211 (4.8)
First/second-generation cephalosporins6755 (1.3)1789 (2.3)1245 (2.8)158 (1.1)9947 (1.5)
Third-generation cephalosporins187 928 (35.4)25 463 (32.4)15 252 (33.7)4139 (28.8)232 782 (34.8)
Macrolides169 980 (32.0)26 307 (33.5)11 319 (25.0)3833 (26.7)211 439 (31.6)
Quinolones110 770 (20.9)17 877 (22.8)9992 (22.1)3402 (23.7)142 041 (21.2)
Sulfonamides and trimethoprim712 (0.1)1069 (1.4)2234 (4.9)1618 (11.3)5633 (0.8)
Tetracyclines9477 (1.8)846 (1.1)803 (1.8)320 (2.2)11 446 (1.7)
Other antibiotics20 069 (3.8)1742 (2.2)1458 (3.2)318 (2.2)23 587 (3.5)
All antibiotics5 30 91678 54645 27114 353669 086
  • *13 736 patients with antibiotic prescription were excluded due to missing data about facility scale.

  • †Penicillins, J01C; First-generation cephalosporins, J01DB; Second-generation cephalosporins, J01DC; Third-generation cephalosporins, J01DD; Macrolides, J01FA; Quinolones, J01M; Sulfonamides and trimethoprim, J01E; Tetracyclines, J01A; Other antibiotics, J01B, J01DH, J01DI, J01FF, J01G and J01X.

  • ATC , anatomical therapeutic chemical.