Table 1

Indicators of adolescent health used in the present study

DomainHealth indicatorOriginal question
Lifestyle risk behavioursRegular dietary consumption of fruits (≥5 days) in the last weekIn the 7 days, on how many days did you eat fresh fruits or fruits salad?
Options: I did not eat fresh fruits or fruits salad in the last 7 days; other options ranged from 1 day in the last 7 days to every day in the last 7 days.
Regular dietary consumption of vegetables (≥5 days) in the last weekIn the 7 days, on how many days did you eat at least one type of raw or cooked vegetable?
Options: I did not eat vegetables in the last 7 days; other options ranged from 1 day in the last 7 days to every day in the last 7 days.
Regular dietary consumption of beans (≥5 days) in the last weekIn the 7 days, on how many days did you eat beans?
Options: I did not eat beans in the last 7 days; other options ranged from 1 day in the last 7 days to every day in the last 7 days.
Regular dietary consumption of soft drinks (≥5 days) in the last weekIn the 7 days, on how many days did you drink soft drinks?
Options: I did not drink soft drinks in the last 7 days; other options ranged from 1 day in the last 7 days to every day in the last 7 days.
Recreational physical activity at least five times in the last weekIn the last 7 days, excluding physical education classes, on how many days did you practice any physical activity such as sports, dance, gymnastics, etc?
Options: No day in the last 7 days; other options ranged from 1 day in the last 7 days to every day in the last 7 days.
Exposure to violenceVictim of domestic violence at least once in the previous month by some adult family memberIn the last 30 days, how many times were you physically assaulted by some adult family member?
Options: Not once in the last 30 days; one time in the last 30 days; other options ranged from two to three times in the last 30 days to 12 or more times in the last 30 days.
Involvement in fights using guns at least one in the last monthIn the last 30 days, did you get involved in any fight that someone used guns?
Options: yes; no
Bullying victimisation at least sometimes in the last monthIn the past 30 days, how often have you been mocked, teased, called names or intimidated by one of your schoolmates so much that you were hurt/annoyed/upset/offended/ashamed?
Options: No day in the last 30 days; rarely in the last 30 days; sometimes in the last 30 days; most of the time in the last 30 days; always in the last 30 days
Engagement in risky activitiesAlcohol use at least once in the previous monthIn the last 30 days, on how many days did you drink at least one cup or dose of alcoholic beverage?
Options: No day in the last 30 days; Other options ranged from 1 to 2 days in the last 30 days to every day in the last 30 days.
Drug use at least once in the previous monthIn the last 30 days, how many times did you use drugs such as marijuana, cocaine, crack, glue, ecstasy, oxy, etc?
Options: I have never used drugs; no day in the last 30 days; Other options ranged from 1 or 2 days in the last 30 days to 10 or more days in the last 30 days.
Smoking at least once in the previous monthIn the last 30 days, on how many days did you smoke cigarettes?
Options: I have never smoked; No day in the last 30 days; Other options ranged from 1 to 2 days in the last 30 days to every day in the last 30 days.
Safe sexual behaviour (have used condom in the last sexual intercourse)In the last time you had sex, did you and your partner use a condom?
Options: I have never had sex; yes; no; I don’t know.