Table 3

Summary of results of qualitative survey responses

ItemThemes (subthemes)
 What factors or criteria influenced your decision to submit your manuscript to this journal instead of another journal (eg, hiring, promotion, tenure, requirements to complete degree)?Academic and professional factors (General; General publishing pressure; As part of current job requirements; For tenure or promotion; Seeking employment/to get hired; Part of degree requirements (trainees); To support trainees/build CV of trainees; Pressure to publish from trainee)
Factors related to the journal (Paper fit with journal; Perception or appearance of quality; Journal is fast to publish; Publication cost; Ease of publishing; Free editing; Experience with journal)
Recommendation (From colleagues;
From Omni group conference)
Factors related to the paper published (Difficult to publish elsewhere; Limited options for the topic of the paper; Previous rejection(s); The work is good)
Desire to disseminate (Wide readership; Open access; International scope)
Invitation from journal (Promotional emails)
Personal factors (Lack of mentorship in choosing journal; Lack of knowledge (before predatory journals were common knowledge); Personal pressure/interest to publish)
 How did you first become aware that the journal you published in was potentially predatory in nature or may not be scientifically rigorous (eg, I received no peer review although the editor said the article will be published within 24 hours)?This survey
Disagree that journal is predatory
Concerns raised by others
Fees (Payment)
Publication process (Peer review; Atypical correspondence; Continued promotion emails)
List of predatory journals
Lack of indexing
 Were there other motivations for publishing in the journal that we have not asked about (eg, salary increase)?No
Personal factors (Personal satisfaction)
Academic and professional factors (Publication pressure; Self-citation; Part of being a researcher; Salary increase; Promotion in developing countries; To increase programme rankings)
Factors related to the paper published (Topic fit with journal; Low quality of manuscript; Publishing unpublished work; Student paper)
Factors related to the journal (Compared with ‘traditional journals’)
Desire to disseminate research (Publishing before retirement; Dissemination of work is easy because of the internet)
Supporting new or small journals
 Did you see any career risks associated with publishing in this journal (eg, getting caught by a colleague)?No
Yes (risks not specified)
Reprimanded by supervisor
Few citations
Damage to reputation
Retraction (Published even after retraction;
Requested retraction)
Continued emails from journal
Missed opportunity for peer review
 Has anyone else discussed the potentially predatory nature of this journal with you (eg, the paper’s co-authors, your dean, supervisor, tenure & promotions committee)?No
Yes (Individual not specified)
Yes (Colleagues and co-authors; Supervisors; University staff or committees)
Another researcher conducting work on predatory journals
 Has the experience of publishing in a potentially predatory journal affected how you evaluate future journals prior to submission? If yes, how?No
Yes (not specified how)
Will check details about the journal (Will be more careful; Check impact factor: Check if it has a DOI or ISSN; Check journal indexing; Check journal background/editor; Check peer review process; Check citations; Check Beall’s list; Check open source journals
Consult with others (Colleagues; University management; Scientific committee; Supervisor)
Will only publish in known/prestigious/authentic journals
Not publish in open access journals
  • DOI, digital object identifier; ISSN, International Standard Serial Number.