Table 1

Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of the sample (N=32)

Variable
Gender, n (%)
 Men8 (25)
 Women24 (75)
Age, mean (SD)31.91 (7.44)
Highest education, n (%)
 Primary school1 (3.1)
 High school6 (18.8)
 Bachelor’s degree14 (43.8)
 Master’s degree10 (31.2)
 Doctorate degree1 (3.1)
Occupational status, n (%)
 Working, full time9 (28.1)
 Working, part time10 (31.2)
 Student7 (21.9)
 Unemployed5 (15.6)
 Disability pension1 (3.1)
Years with BDD, mean (SD)16.22 (9.10)
No of areas of concern, mean (SD)12.16 (5.84)
Comorbid conditions, n (%)
 Major depressive disorder10 (31.2)
 Panic disorder2 (6.2)
 Social anxiety disorder5 (15.6)
 Generalised anxiety disorder5 (15.6)
Current medication, n (%)
 SSRI2 (6.2)
 SNRI3 (9.4)
 Benzodiazepines1 (3.1)
 Stimulants1 (3.1)
Previous psychological treatment, n (%)25 (78.1)
 CBT8 (32.0)
 PDT2 (8.0)
 Non-specific counselling12 (48.0)
 Religious counselling1 (4.0)
 Unknown2 (8.0)
Plastic surgery
 Previous plastic surgery, n (%)13 (40.6)
 No of surgeries, mean (SD)1.38 (2.46)
Nationality, n (%)
 American12 (37.5)
 Swedish7 (21.9)
 Indian1 (3.1)
 Bulgarian1 (3.1)
 Finnish1 (3.1)
 English4 (12.5)
 Serbian1 (3.1)
 South Korean1 (3.1)
 Irish1 (3.1)
 Norwegian1 (3.1)
 Sri Lankan1 (3.1)
 Lithuanian1 (3.1)
Dysmorphic Concerns Questionnaire, mean (SD)15.63 (2.50)
  • BDD, body dysmorphic disorder; CBT, cognitive–behavioural therapy; PDT, psychodynamic therapy; SNRI, serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor; SSRI, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor.