Table 1

Characteristics of community participants with hypertension

Total
(n=873)
Men
(n=360)
Women
(n=513)
P value
Mean (SD)/
n (%)
Mean (SD)/
n (%)
Mean (SD)/
n (%)
Age (years)65 (9.5)65 (9.9)66 (9.2)0.075
Marriage status<0.001
 Married757 (86.7)346 (96.1)411 (80.1)
 Single/divorced/widowed116 (13.3)14 (3.9)102 (19.9)
Education<0.001
 Primary school or no183 (21.0)53 (14.7)130 (25.3)
 High school544 (62.3)232 (64.4)312 (60.8)
 College or higher146 (16.7)75 (20.8)71 (13.8)
Employment<0.001
 Employed145 (16.6)91 (25.3)54 (10.5)
 Unemployed132 (15.1)44 (12.2)88 (17.2)
 Retired596 (68.3)225 (62.5)371 (72.3)
Personal incomes<0.001
 ≤¥1500 (US$225)307 (35.2)94 (26.1)213 (41.5)
 >¥1500 (US$225)566 (64.8)266 (73.9)300 (58.5)
Health insurance0.170
 UEMI636 (72.9)271 (75.3)365 (71.2)
 URMI103 (11.8)32 (8.9)71 (13.8)
 NCMS100 (11.5)43 (11.9)57 (11.1)
 Uninsured34 (3.9)14 (3.9)20 (3.9)
BMI
 Underweight10 (1.1)2 (0.6)8 (1.6)0.377
 Normal304 (34.8)120 (33.3)184 (35.9)
 Overweight412 (47.2)178 (49.4)234 (45.6)
 Obese147 (16.8)60 (16.7)87 (17.0)
WC
 Normal229 (26.2)144 (40.0)85 (16.6)<0.001
 Obese644 (73.8)216 (60.0)428 (83.4)
Smoking status<0.001
 Smoking239 (27.4)216 (60.0)23 (4.5)
 Non-smoking634 (72.6)144 (40.0)490 (95.5)
Drinking status<0.001
 Drinking196 (22.5)176 (48.9)20 (3.9)
 Non-drinking677 (77.5)184 (51.1)493 (96.1)
Family history0.944
 Yes533 (61.1)219 (60.8)314 (61.2)
 No340 (38.9)141 (39.2)199 (38.8)
Disease duration (years)10 (9.0)9 (7.9)10 (9.7)0.079
Comorbidities
 CAD195 (22.3)75 (20.8)120 (23.4)0.370
 Back/neck problem97 (11.1)27 (7.5)70 (13.6)0.004
 Stroke96 (11.0)44 (12.2)52 (10.1)0.334
 Diabetes91 (10.4)35 (9.7)56 (10.9)0.569
 Arthritis61 (7.0)18 (5.0)43 (8.4)0.049
 COPD55 (6.3)24 (6.7)31 (6.0)0.710
 MI17 (1.9)10 (2.8)7 (1.4)0.141
 Nephropathy11 (1.3)7 (1.9)4 (0.8)0.132
 Gastrointestinal disease10 (1.1)5 (1.4)5 (1.0)0.574
 0401 (45.9)184 (51.1)217 (42.3)0.010
 ≥1472 (54.1)176 (48.9)296 (57.7)
BP control0.242
 Good control287 (32.9)110 (30.6)177 (34.5)
 Poor control586 (67.1)250 (69.4)336 (65.5)
  • BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; CAD, coronary artery disease; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; MI, myocardial infarction; NCMS, New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme; UEMI, Urban Employees’ Medical Insurance; URMI, Urban Residents’ Medical Insurance; WC, waist circumference.