Table 4

Factors associated with MCI: result of bivariate and logistic regression analyses

Determinants of MCIMCI (pattern D, n=111)Normal cognition (pattern A, n=168)χ2 test
FactorsP valueOR (95% CI)
Age (years)
 60–69 63 (56.8)102 (60.7)0.6580.85 (0.52 to 1.38)
 ≥ 7048 (43.2)66 (39.3)
Gender
 Male44 (39.6)63 (37.5)0.7191.09 (0.67 to 1.79)
 Female67 (60.4)105 (62.5)
Socioeconomic status
 APL72 (64.9)123 (73.2)0.1370.68 (0.40 to 1.13)
 BPL39 (35.1)45 (26.8)
No. of years of education
 ≤8 years68 (61.3)89 (53)0.1721.40 (0.86 to 2.29)
 >8 years43 (38.7)79 (47)
Marital status
 Currently married72 (64.9)115 (68.5)0.5330.85 (0.51 to 1.41)
 Widowed/unmarried/separated39 (35.1)53 (31.5)
Occupation
 Currently employed/pensioner43 (38.7)72 (42.9)0.4940.84 (0.52 to 1.38)
 Unemployed68 (61.3)96 (57.1)
Presence of diabetes mellitus41 (36.9)58 (34.5)0.681.11 (0.67 to 1.83)
Presence of hypertension54 (48.6)72 (42.9)0.3411.26 (0.78 to 2.04)
Presence of ischaemic heart disease12 (10.8)20 (11.9)0.7790.90 (0.42 to 1.92)
Presence of imbalance on walking40 (36)26 (15.5)<0.0013.08 (1.74 to 5.44)
Alcohol use
 Ever users26 (23.4)26 (15.5)0.0951.67 (0.91 to 3.06)
 Never users (ref)85 (76.6)142 (84.5)
Tobacco use
 Ever users39 (35.1)45 (26.8)0.1371.48 (0.88 to 2.49)
 Never users(ref))72 (64.9)123 (73.2)
Has adequate physical activity27 (24.3)59 (35.1)0.0560.59 (0.35 to 1.02)
Has at least one leisure activity at home84 (75.7)141 (83.9)0.0880.59 (0.33 to 1.08)
Presence of depression67 (60.4)54 (32.1)<0.0013.22 (1.95 to 5.30)
Presence of anxiety60 (54.1)40 (23.8)<0.0013.77 (2.25 to 6.30)
Logistic regression
Determinants of MCIp valueAdjusted OR95% CI of adjusted OR
Presence of imbalance on walking0.0022.751.46 to 5.17
Alcohol use (ever users vs never users)0.0431.991.02 to 3.86
Has at least one leisure activity at home0.0410.330.11 to 0.95
Presence of depression0.0092.171.21 to 3.89
Presence of anxiety0.012.221.21 to 4.05
  • *Final model with all significant variables.

  • APL,above poverty line; BPL, below poverty line; MCI, mild cognitive impairment