Table 2

Evaluation for included decisions aids (n=25)

Decision aid evaluation
Intervention optionsCount (%)
  Cholesterol lowering14 (56)
  Blood pressure lowering5 (20)
  Aspirin8 (32)
 Lifestyle *
  Any lifestyle change included7 (28)
  Quit smoking3 (12)
  Improve diet2 (8)
  Increase physical activity2 (8)
  Lose weight2 (8)
  Criteria used to be defined as a patient DA5 or 71%3–6 or 43%–86%
  Criteria to lower risk of making a biased decision33%11%–86%
  Other criteria indicating quality82%0%–100%
  Qualifying criteria met (six items, yes or no)5 or 83%2–6 or 33%–100%
  Certification criteria met (six items, score ≥3/4)3 or 50%1–6 or 17%–100%
  Quality criteria met (23 items, score ≥3/4)7 or 30%1–12 or 4%–52%
Health literacy evaluationMean (SD)
 Understandability87 (7.1)‡
 Actionability61 (24.6)‡
 Gunning–Fog9.9 (1.9)
 Flesch–Kincaid61.8 (10.3)
  • *Lifestyle changes will be less than the total sum of its subcategories as one decision aid may have multiple options.

  • †Percentages for the criteria to lower the risk of making a biased decision and criteria for indicating quality in IPDAS V.3 do not have counts because these items have an N/A response option, so using raw counts would not be an appropriate comparison.

  • ‡These are mean and SD percentage values.

  • DA, decision aid; IPDAS, International Patient Decision Aids Standards; PEMAT-P, Patient Education Material Evaluation Tool for Print Materials.