Table 1

Socio-economic and demographic characteristics of surveyed married women aged 15–49 years living with their male partners

Sub-Saharan African regions (n=31)Country (year of DHS)ResidencyAge at first childbirthEducational attainmentWork status
UrbanRural30+24–2918–2312–17No educationPrimarySecondary or higherNot workingWorking
n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)
West (15)Benin (2011–2012)3350 (40.1)5021 (59.9)238 (2.8)13 960 (16.7)4299 (51.4)2439 (29.14)6032 (72.1)1372 (16.4)966 (11.5)2577 (30.8)5794 (69.2)
Burkina Faso (2010)1826 (18.1)8307 (81.9)80 (0.8)675 (6.7)6031 (59.5)3347 (33.03)8454 (83.5)1113 (11.0)561 (5.5)2246 (22.2)7886 (77.8)
Cameroon (2011)2824 (43.2)3709 (56.8)71 (1.1)584 (8.9)3227 (49.4)2651 (40.57)1922 (29.4)2488 (38.1)2123 (32.5)2023 (31.0)4510 (69.0)
Chad (2014–2015)1910 (18.7)8319 (81.3)68 (0.7)545 (5.3)3987 (38.9)5629 (55.03)6807 (66.5)2383 (23.3)1040 (10.2)5766 (56.4)4453 (43.6)
Cote d’Ivoire (2011–2012)1640 (37.9)2677 (62.0)48 (1.1)396 (9.2)2134 (49.4)1739 (40.3)2858 (66.2)1052 (24.4)407 (9.4)1210 (28.0)3107 (72.0)
Gambia 2013)2355 (48.2)2536 (51.9)79 (1.6)619 (12.7)2574 (52.6)1618 (33.1)2960 (60.5)678 (13.9)1252 (25.6)2555 (52.3)2335 (47.8)
Ghana (2014)1576 (45.8)1870 (54.3)168 (4.9)716 (20.8)1789 (51.9)772 (22.4)985 (28.6)642 (18.6)1819 (52.8)649 (18.8)2797 (81.2)
Guinea (2012)1175 (25.8)3377 (74.2)59 (1.3)359 (7.9)1849 (40.6)2286 (50.2)3605 (79.2)536 (11.8)411 (9.0)902 (19.8)3650 (80.2)
Liberia (2013)1763 (50.6)1721 (49.4)30.70 (0.9)271 (7.8)1722 (49.5)1459 (41.9)1575 (45.2)999.90 (28.7)908 (26.1)1377 (39.5)2106 (60.5)
Mali (2012–2013)1284 (19.6)5269 (80.4)109 (1.7)594 (9.1)2998 (45.7)2852 (43.5)5460 (83.3)579 (8.8)515 (7.9)3691 (56.3)2863 (43.7)
Niger (2012)1089 (13.9)6718 (86.1)57 (0.7)508 (6.5)3348 (43.0)3872 (49.7)6634 (85.1)785 (10.1)380 (4.9)6002 (76.9)1804 (23.1)
Nigeria (2013)6830 (35.2)12 567 (64.8)543 (2.8)2646 (13.6)8525 (44.0)7683 (39.6)9575 (49.4)3679 (19.0)6143 (31.7)6067 (31.3)13 311 (68.7)
Senegal (2010–2011)1468 (36.5)2555 (63.5)96 (2.4)558 (13.9)2241 (55.7)1128 (28.0)2719 (67.6)838 (20.8)467 (11.6)2225 (55.3)1799 (44.7)
Sierra Leone (2013)1704 (23.4)5571 (76.6)110 (1.5)777 (10.7)3435 (47.2)2950 (40.6)5287 (72.7)1017 (14.0)970 (13.3)1641 (22.6)5626 (77.4)
Togo (2013–2014)1602 (36.2)2824 (63.8)132 (3.0)720 (16.3)2523 (57.0)1050 (23.7)1789 (40.4)1608 (36.3)1030 (23.3)849 (19.2)3577 (80.8)
East (10)Burundi (2010)359 (8.0)4146 (92.0)77 (1.7)716 (15.9)3071 (68.2)640 (14.2)2361 (52.4)1863 (41.4)282 (6.3)818 (18.2)3687 (81.8)
Comoros (2012)555 (28.6)1385 (71.4)139 (7.1)405 (20.9)830 (42.8)567 (29.2)841 (43.5)482 (24.9)611 (31.6)1171 (60.5)764 (39.5)
Ethiopia (2016)882 (12.4)6227 (87.6)52 (0.7)363 (5.2)2223 (31.7)4379 (62.4)4508 (63.4)1995 (28.1)605 (8.5)5138 (72.3)1971 (27.7)
Kenya (2014)4481 (38.1)7284 (61.9)154 (1.3)1429 (12.2)6822 (58.0)3359 (28.6)1251 (10.6)64 160 (54.5)4099 (34.8)1972 (35.3)3611 (64.7)
Malawi (2015–2016)1608 (14.4)9572 (85.6)72 (0.6)569 (5.1)6549 (58.6)3990 (35.7)1404 (12.6)7389 (66.1)2387 (21.4)3814 (34.1)7366 (65.9)
Mozambique (2015)800 (26.0)2282 (74.0)46 (1.5)170 (5.6)995 (32.6)1837 (60.3)884 (28.7)1710 (55.5)480 (15.9)1877 (60.9)1206 (39.1)
Rwanda (2014–2015)794 (16.4)4050 (83.6)161 (3.3)1262 (26.1)3107 (64.1)313 (6.5)717 (14.8)3513 (72.5)614 (12.7)672 (13.9)4172 (86.1)
Tanzania (2015–2016)1571 (27.6)4115 (72.4)79 (1.4)528 (9.3)3401 (59.9)1675 (29.5)1168 (20.5)3695 (65.0)824 (14.5)1283 (22.6)4403 (77.4)
Uganda (2016)1834 (22.2)6422 (77.8)136 (1.7)592 (7.2)3709 (45.2)3773 (46.0)890 (10.8)4975 (60.3)2392 (29.0)1746 (21.1)6510 (78.9)
Zambia (2013–2014)2694 (36.3)4730 (63.7)60 (0.8)420 (5.7)4070 (54.8)2875 (38.7)813 (11.0)4170 (56.2)2435 (32.8)3397 (45.8)4026 (54.2)
Central (3)Congo, Rep. (2011–2012)2764 (62.1)1690 (38.0)83 (1.9)469 (10.5)2317 (52.0)1586 (35.6)319 (7.2)1307 (29.3)2829 (63.5)1288 (28.9)3166 (71.1)
DRC (2013–2014)2867 (30.7)6469 (69.3)126 (1.3)925 (9.9)5179 (55.5)3104 (33.3)1762 (18.9)4035 (43.2)3539 (37.9)2277 (24.4)7058 (75.6)
Gabon (2012)2199 (85.6)371 (14.4)74 (2.9)294 (11.4)1261 (49.1)941 (36.6)230 (9.0)639 (24.9)1700 (66.2)1338 (52.1)1228 (47.9)
Southern (3)Lesotho (2014)574 (28.6)1434 (71.4)58 (2.9)243 (12.1)1364 (67.9)343 (17.1)20 (1.0)902 (44.9)1086 (54.1)1318 (65.6)690 (34.4)
Namibia (2013)944 (53.4)826 (46.7)81 (4.6)324 (18.3)934 (52.8)431 (24.4)136 (7.7)442 (25.0)1192 (67.4)967 (54.7)801 (45.3)
Zimbabwe (2015)1355 (32.1)2864 (67.9)42.60 (1.0)393 (9.3)2688 (63.7)1095 (26.0)51 (1.22)1304 (30.9)2864 (67.9)2478 (58.8)1740 (41.3)
  • Data from Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 31 sub-Saharan Africa countries, (2010–2016).

  • DHS, Demographic and Health Surveys.