Table 2

Reported acute coronary syndrome symptoms by ethnicity

White
(n=630)
South Asian
(n=488)
Chinese
(n=216)
P value
Pain/Discomfort location
 Midsternal559 (88.7%)438 (89.9%)194 (89.8%)0.828
 Left shoulder310 (49.1%)239 (49.0%)72 (33.3%)0.0006
 Left arm206 (32.7%)140 (28.7%)22 (10.2%)<0.0001
 Left jaw122 (19.3%)67 (13.7%)21 (9.7%)0.003
 Left neck114 (18.1%)69 (14.1%)19 (8.8%)0.0006
 Midsternal with radiating left neck, shoulder or arm pain/discomfort435 (69.0%)316 (63.8%)123 (57.0%)<0.0001
Midsternal pain/discomfort with intensity ☹ >5482 (76.5%)394 (80.7%)172 (79.6%)0.0435
Midsternal with radiating left neck, shoulder or arm pain/discomfort with intensity ☹ >5385 (61.6%)285 (58.4%)111 (51.4%)<0.0001
Nature of pain/discomfort
 Pressure312 (49.5%)174 (35.7%)93 (43.1%)<0.0001
 Squeezing118 (18.7%)120 (24.6%)57 (26.4%)0.016
 Burning82 (13.0%)71 (14.6%)25 (11.6%)0.533
 Stabbing48 (7.6%)68 (14.0%)17 (7.9%)0.001
 Shooting/Moving30 (4.8%)39 (8.0%)11 (5.1%)0.065
 None40 (6.4%)16 (3.3%)13 (6.0%)0.059
 Not documented000
Other symptoms
 Shortness of breath386 (61.2%)303 (62.1%)132 (61.1%)0.952
 Diaphoresis313 (49.7%)239 (49.0%)103 (47.7%)0.877
 Dizziness329 (52.2%)221 (45.3%)99 (45.8%)0.047
 Nausea or vomiting235 (37.3%)145 (29.7%)56 (25.9%)0.002