Table 2

Health indicators study population in teachers working in rural and urban areas (n=597)

n missingTotal
n=597
Urban
n=250
Rural
n=347
P value
n (%)n (%)n (%)
Self-rated health*
 Excellent516 (2.7)10 (4.1)6 (1.8)<0.001†
 Very good67 (11.2)36 (14.7)30 (8.7)
 Good254 (42.5)130 (53.1)121 (34.9)
 Fair244 (40.9)68 (27.8)174 (50.4)
 Poor16 (2.7)1 (0.4)15 (4.2)
Mental health‡
 GHQ-12 score (Md; range)§704.00; 0.0–12.04.00; 0.0–11.05.00; 0.0–12.0<0.01¶
 Mental distress (GHQ-12 values ≥5)271 (45.4)94 (37.6)177 (51.0)0.02†
Musculoskeletal pain**
 Low back painLast 7 days0104 (17.4)40 (16.0)64 (18.4)0.44†
 Neck or shoulders painLast 7 days0174 (29.1)65 (26.0)109 (31.4)0.15†
  • *Question of the SF-36 questionnaire: ‘How do you rate your health?’

  • †P value χ2 test.

  • ‡Spanish version of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12).

  • §Md, median; range, minimum and maximum value.

  • ¶P value Mann-Whitney U test.

  • **Explored with the Spanish version of the Standardised Nordic questionnaire.