Table 1

Sociodemographic characteristics and socioeconomic status of the participants

VariablesTotal sampleAdolescent mothersAdult mothersP value†
n=220n=110 (50%)n=110 (50%)
Sociodemographic characteristics
Age (years)22.36±2.521.45±2.923.37±1.6<0.001*
BMI (kg/m2)22.37±4.021.84±4.122.89±3.80.052
Weight status (n, %)
 Underweight29 (13.2)22 (75.9)7 (24.1)0.029*
 Normal147 (66.8)68 (46.3)79 (53.7)
 Overweight32 (14.5)15 (46.9)17 (53.1)
 Obese12 (5.5)5 (41.7)7 (58.3)
Level of education (n, %)
 None33 (15.0)25 (75.8)8 (24.3)<0.001*
 Quranic102 (46.4)57 (55.9)45 (44.1)
 Primary30 (13.6)15 (50)15 (50)
 Secondary36 (16.4)11 (30.6)25 (69.4)
 Tertiary19 (8.6))2 (10.5)17 (89.5)
Occupation (n, %)
 Farming11 (5.0)6 (54.5)5 (45.5)0.281
 Trading67 (30.5)34 (50.7)33 (49.3)
 Civil servant10 (4.5)2 (20)8 (80)
 House wife132 (60.0)68 (51.5)64 (48.5)
Religious affiliation (n, %)
 Muslim203 (92.3)103 (50.7)100 (49.3)0.449
 Christian17 (7.7)7 (41.2)10 (58.8)
Number of children born (n, %)
 One79 (35.9)26 (32.9)53 (67.1)<0.001*
 Two68 (30.9)29 (42.6)39 (57.4)
 Three45 (20.5)28 (62.2)17 (37.8)
 ≥Four28 (12.7)27 (96.4)1 (3.6)
Marital status (n, %)
 Married180 (81.8)92 (51.1)88 (48.9)0.508
 Not married5 (2.3)2 (40)3 (60)
 Divorced27 (12.3)14 (51.9)3 (48.1)
 Widowed8 (3.6)2 (25)6 (75)
Years of marriage (n, %)‡
 Less than 5111 (50.5)36 (32.4)75 (67.6)<0.001*
 5–9108 (49.1)74 (68.5)34 (31.5)
Socioeconomic status
Source of drinking water (n, %)‡
 Borehole into dwelling24 (10.9)10 (41.7)14 (58.3)0.367
 Public tap172 (78.2%)86 (50.0)86 (50.0)
 Open well22 (10.0)14 (63.6)8 (36.4)
 Surface water1 (0.5)0 (0.0)1 (100.0)
Type of toilet facilities (n, %)‡
 Flush toilet21 (9.5)2 (9.5)19 (90.5)<0.001*
 Pit toilet191 (86.8)105 (55.0)86 45.0)
 No facility7 (3.2)3 (42.9)4 (57.1)
Cooking facilities (n, %)‡
 Gas7 (3.2)0 (0.0)7 (100.0)0.004*
 Kerosene20 (9.1)5 (25.0)15 (75.0)
 Charcoal146 (66.4)79 (54.1)67 (45.9)
 Firewood47 (21.4%)26 (55.3)21 (44.7)
Household car/bus (n, %)‡
 Yes14 (6.4)0 (0.0)14 (100.0)<0.001*
 No205 (93.2)109 (53.2)96 (46.8)
  • *Significant difference between group (p<0.05).

  • †Values based on independent t-tests statistics for continuous variables and χ2 statistics for categorical variables.

  • ‡Values do not add up to 220 due to missing data.

  • BMI, Body mass index.